Institutions Against Corruption: A Comparative Study of the National Anti-corruption Strategies Reflected by GRECO's First Evaluation Round
The "Groupe d'Etats contre la corruption" (GRECO) is established at the Council of Europe. GRECO evaluates in several steps the legislative and administrative instruments of its member states in the fight against corruption, and thus makes obligatory suggestions for improvement. Based on the "First Evaluation Round", this study compares the corruption-relevant national regulations of the criminal law and names their weaknesses. Moreover, the book analyzes in which way law enforcement agencies are organized and which authorities are available in the fight against corruption. Additionally, the immunity regulations-which could particularly stand contrary to the fight against corruption in the political sector-are evaluated. Institutions against Corruption systematizes the recommendations passed by GRECO, judges their coherence, and ventures a first assessment. Readers interested in corruption fighting will not only gain comparative legal insights, but also prospects on the recommendations with which GRECO intends to improve the fight against corruption in 35 of its member states.
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Subject and Methodological Approach
Structure of this study
B National corruption law in relation to the requirements of the Criminal
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active bribery anti-corruption Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina bribe Bulgaria co-operation conduct Convention on Corruption corruption offences corruption provisions Council of Europe countries courts Criminal Code Criminal Law Convention Cyprus Czech Republic decision Denmark ensure Estonia Evaluation Round fight against corruption fighting corruption Finland former Yugoslav Republic function Georgia granted GRECO members GRECO Report Greece Guiding Principle Hungary immunity implementation independence influence institutional fight institutions against corruption investigation Ireland judges judiciary Latvia law enforcement bodies legislation Lithuania Luxembourg Moldova Netherlands Norway organisational paras parliament parliamentarians particular penal penalisation person Poland police political Portugal possible private sector procedures prosecuting authorities protection public procurement public prosecutor punishment recommendations regard Report on Albania Report on Croatia Report on France Report on Malta Republic of Macedonia Romania sanctions Slovak Republic Slovakia Slovenia social Spain specialised structures supra Sweden tion undue advantage United Kingdom