Intellectual Disability: A Guide for Families and Professionals

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Oxford University Press, Jun 24, 2010 - Psychology - 240 pages
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Approximately 2.5 million people in the United States--one percent of the population--have an intellectual disability (previously referred to as mental retardation). These conditions range from genetic disorders such as Down syndrome to disabilities caused by infectious diseases and brain injury. Intellectual Disability: A Guide for Families and Professionals, by one of the country's foremost authorities on intellectual disability, is a comprehensive resource that will be of importance to anyone with a personal connection to a child or adult with a neurodevelopmental disorder. Emphasizing the humanity of persons with intellectual and related developmental disabilities, psychiatrist and pediatrician James Harris provides essential information on assessment and diagnosis of intellectual disability, treatments for specific disorders, and ways to take advantage of the wide array of services available today. The focus throughout is on the development of the person, the positive supports necessary for self-determination, and, to the extent possible, independent decision making. Harris also surveys historical attitudes toward intellectual disability, the medical community's current understanding of its causes and frequency, and the associated physical, behavioral, and psychiatric conditions (such as seizure disorder, depression, and autism) that often accompany particular types of intellectual disability. The book addresses legal, medical, mental health, and research-related issues as well as matters of spirituality, highlighting the ways in which individuals with intellectual disability can meaningfully participate in the spiritual lives of their families and their communities. Each chapter ends with a series of key points to remember, and the book concludes with a list of additional resources of further interest. Intellectual Disability is a must-read for parents and families of those with neurodevelopmental disorders, providing guidance and essential information to help their family members effectively, and to make a significant, positive difference in their lives now and in the future.
 

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Contents

Intellectual Disability Then and Now
1
Through the Lens of History How Far Have We Come?
9
How Common Is Intellectual Disability?
31
How Are Your Childs Problems and Needs Recognized and Categorized?
43
A Look at the Causes of Intellectual Disability
59
What to Expect in a Medical and Mental Health Evaluation
75
Behavioral Emotional and Psychiatric Conditions What You Can Do to Help
97
Interpersonal Behavioral and Medication Treatments Basic Principles and Approaches
143
Looking Forward How Do Children with Intellectual Disability Change as They Grow Older?
159
Spiritual Inclusion in the Community Finding Meaning in Life
177
Participation in Research
185
Appendices
195
Index
205
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About the author (2010)

James C. Harris, M.D., is Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Pediatrics, and Mental Hygiene, and the founding Director of the Developmental Neuropsychiatry Program at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. An eminent authority on intellectual disability, Dr. Harris was appointed by President Clinton to the President's Committee on Mental Retardation, and he received the George Tarjan Award from the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry for Outstanding Leadership and Continuous Contributions in the Field of Mental Retardation, as well as the Agnes Purcell McGavin Award for Distinguished Career Achievement in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry from the American Psychiatric Association.

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