Intelligence and Statecraft: The Use and Limits of Intelligence in International Society

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Peter J. Jackson, Jennifer L. Siegel
Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005 - Political Science - 288 pages
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Intelligence has never been a more important factor in international affairs than it is today. Since the end of the Second World War, vast intelligence bureaucracies have emerged to play an increasingly important role in the making of national policy within all major states. One of the biggest problems within the contemporary thinking about intelligence and international relations is a lack of historical context. Observers routinely comment on the challenges facing intelligence communities without reflecting on the historical forces that have shaped these communities over the past two centuries. As presented in this volume, new perspectives on the evolution of intelligence services and intelligence practice over the past 200 years can only enrich ongoing debates over how best to reform national intelligence structures.

The practices of war and international politics were transformed by the conflicts of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic era. One of the most important outcomes of this transformation was the gradual emergence of permanent and increasingly professionalized intelligence services within the military and foreign policy establishments of the Great Powers. The contributions in this volume consider the causes and consequences of this trend as well as its impact on war, strategy, and statecraft. The rise of permanent intelligence bureaucracies has combined with technological progress to transform practices of intelligence collection and analysis that have remained essentially unchanged since the Roman era. Ultimately, however, the nature and limits of intelligence have remained constant, rendering intelligence little or no more effective in reducing uncertainty at the opening of the 21st century than in centuries past.

 

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Contents

HISTORICAL REFLECTIONS ON THE USES AND LIMITS OF INTELLIGENCE
11
POOR INTELLIGENCE FLAWED RESULTS METTERNICH RADETZKY AND THE CRISISMANAGEMENT OF AUSTRIAS OCCUPATION OF ...
53
SANCTIONED SPYING THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE MILITARY ATTACHÉ IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY
87
RUSSIAN INTELLIGENCE AND THE YOUNGHUSBAND EXPEDITION TO TIBET
109
TRAINING THIEVES THE INSTRUCTION OF EFFICIENT INTELLIGENCE OFFICERS IN PRE1914 BRITAIN
127
THE ROYAL NAVY WAR PLANNING AND INTELLIGENCE ASSESSMENTS OF JAPAN 19211941
139
SOVIET INTELLIGENCE ON BARBAROSSA THE LIMITS OF INTELLIGENCE HISTORY
157
OPERATION MATCHBOX AND THE SCIENTIFIC CONTAINMENT OF THE USSR
173
SEEING THE COLD WAR FROM THE OTHER SIDE THE STASI AND THE EVOLUTION OF WEST GERMANYS OSTPOLITIK 19691974
207
Notes
221
Index
279
About the Contributors
287
Copyright

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Page 11 - All the business of war, and indeed all the business of life, is to endeavour to find out what you don't know by what you do ; that's what I called 'guessing what was at the other side of the hill.
Page 18 - foreknowledge' cannot be elicited from spirits, nor from gods, nor by analogy with past events, nor from calculations. It must be obtained from men who know the enemy situation.

About the author (2005)

Peter Jackson is Senior Lecturer in International Politics in the Department of International Politics at the University of Wales, Aberystwyth. He has published widely in the fields of intelligence and security studies, French strategy and diplomacy and the origins of the Second World War. His most recent publication is Understanding Intelligence in the Twenty-First Century.

Jennifer Siegel is Assistant Professor of History at Ohio State University. She specializes in modern European diplomatic and military history, with a focus on the British and Russian Empires. She is author of Endgame: Britain, Russia and the Final Struggle for Central Asia, winner of the 2003 AAASS Barbara Jelavich Prize.

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