Interfacial Forces in Aqueous Media

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CRC Press, May 22, 2006 - Science - 456 pages
Thoroughly revised and reorganized, the second edition of Interfacial Forces in Aqueous Media examines the role of polar interfacial and noncovalent interactions among biological and nonbiological macromolecules as well as biopolymers, particles, surfaces, cells, and both polar and apolar polymers. The book encompasses Lifshitz-van der Waals and electrical double layer interactions, as well as Lewis acid–base interactions between colloidal entities in polar liquids such as water.

New in this Edition:

  • Four previously unpublished chapters comprising a new section on interfacial properties and structure of liquid water
  • New material throughout the text on the interplay between macroscopic-scale repulsions and microscopic-scale attractions in protein adsorption
  • A new chapter covering interfacial tension determination
  • A new chapter examining the kinetics and energetics of protein adsorption onto metal oxide surfaces
  • Dr. van Oss describes the nature of the various manifestations of hydrophobic interactions as well as of hydration pressure and analyzes the measurement of the contact angles that result when liquid droplets are deposited on flat solids. He also covers coacervation and complex coacervation, discusses the determination methods of electrokinetic potentials, and treats some of the lesser-known properties of water, such as cluster formation and the hydrophobicity of the water-air interface.

    Principally involved in multiple applications of colloids and interface science for more than 50 years, Carel Jan van Oss is Editor Emeritus of Immunological Investigations and Founding Editor of Preparative Biochemistry and Biotechnology and of Separation and Purification Reviews. He is an editorial advisor for the Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology. In addition to these Taylor & Francis journals, Dr. van Oss is the author, coauthor, or editor of eleven books, including Colloid & Surface Properties of Clays and Related Minerals (2002), and over 350 scientific papers and chapters.

     

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    Contents

    1 Introduction
    1
    2 Lifshitzvan der Waals LW Interactions
    9
    3 Relation Betweenthe Hamaker Constant and the Apolar Surface Tension Component
    19
    4 Polar or Lewis AcidBase Interactions
    25
    5 Electrical Double Layer Interactions
    51
    6 Brownian Movement ForcesOsmotic Interactions of Polymers
    71
    7 Rate of Decay with Distance
    79
    8 Lifshitzvan der Waals and Lewis AcidBase Properties of Liquid WaterPhysical and PhysicoChemical Effects
    93
    16 Direct Measurement Methods Treating the Force Balance in Particular
    203
    17 Surface Tension Components and Parameters of Liquids and Solids
    213
    Hydrophobic Interactions
    227
    Hydrophilic InteractionsOsmotic Pressures of PEO Solutions
    243
    20 The Primary and Secondary Interactions
    263
    21 Phase Separation in Polymer Solutions Coacervation and Complex Coacervation
    275
    22 Solubility of Polymers and Other Solutes
    297
    23 Cell and Particle Stability
    319

    9 Role of Water in Hydrophobic Attraction
    101
    10 Role of Water in Hydrophilic Repulsion
    109
    11 The WaterAir Interface
    117
    12 Contact Angleand Surface Tension Determination and Preparation of Solid Surfaces
    131
    13 Interfacial Tension DeterminationInfluence of Macroscopic and MicroscopicScale Interactions
    157
    14 Different Approaches for Interpreting Contact Angles and Determining the Surface Tension and Surface Tension Components of Solids
    165
    15 Electrokinetic Methods
    179
    24 Adsorption and Adhesion in Aqueous Media Including LigandReceptor Interactions
    345
    25 Kinetics and Energetics of Protein Adsorption onto Metal Oxide Surfaces
    385
    List of Symbols Used
    399
    References
    407
    Index
    431
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