Interlanguage Pragmatics: Exploring Institutional Talk

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Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig, Beverly Hartford
Lawrence Erlbaum, 2005 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 230 pages
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This edited volume brings conversational analysis into the study of second language pragmatics as an analytic paradigm. A well-regarded team of researchers addresses a difficult area for the interlanguage pragmatics research community--the balance between experimental method and the use of conversational data. Institutional talk provides authentic and consequential talk. The goal of the book is to demonstrate how the investigation of institutional talk balances the researcher's need for comparable and replicable interactions with the need to observe authentic outcomes. The chapters present empirical studies based on quantitative and qualitative analyses, which are carefully illustrated by the real-world variables that each institution controls. The chapters span a range of institutions, including the university writing center, hotels, secondary schools, and employment offices. The variables examined include the traditional ILP variables, such as status, directness, and social distance, as well as new concepts like trust, authority, equality, and discourse style.

The editors, Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig and Beverly S. Hartford, are well known in the field of pragmatics, especially for their groundbreaking work in the area of advisor-student interactions. The editors contribute two chapters to the volume, the first and last. The first chapter orients the book by analyzing published research in which pragmatics is studied in the context of institutional talk. The last chapter is a practical guide to institutional research methodology covering ethical considerations, planning observations, and making arrangements at institutions. The editors offer the tools and encouragement to their readers to go out and conduct more research in this important area.

Interlanguage Pragmatics: Exploring Institutional Talk will be of great interest to both researchers and students of interlanguage pragmatics in applied linguistics, TESOL programs, discourse analysis, and sociolinguistics.

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About the author (2005)

Kathleen Bardovi-Harlig is Associate Professor of TESOL and Applied Linguistics at Indiana University. She received her Ph.D. in Linguistics from the University of Chicago in 1983. Her main areas of research interest are the development of grammatical and pragmatic competence in second language acquisition. She has taught courses in second language acquisition designed for language teachers as well as doctoral seminars for future researchers in the United States, Hungary, and Japan. She has also taught courses in TESOL methods, interlanguage pragmatics, and discourse analysis. Her research in second language acquisition has appeared in journals such as Studies in Second Language Acquisition, Language Learning, and TESOL Quarterly. Her work on language-teacher preparation has been published in TESOL Journal and ELT Journal and in various books.

Beverly S. Hartford is Associate Professor of TESOL and Applied Linguistics at Indiana University. She received her Ph.D. from the University of Texas at Austin. Her main areas of research are the development of pragmatic competence and language contact. She teaches courses in sociolinguistics, including language and society, bilingualism and language contact, World English, and pedagogical grammar, second language acquisition, and intercultural pragmatics. She has trained English teachers at universities in both Poland and Nepal, as well as conducted numerous workshops for language teachers throughout the world, including Malaysia dn Venezuela. Her publications have appeared in World Englishes, Language Learning, Studies in Second Langue Acquisition, Discourse Processes,and ELT Journal.