International Trade: Current Government Data Provide Limited Insight Into Offshoring of Services
DIANE Publishing, Nov 30, 2004 - Business & Economics - 73 pages
Much attention has focused on the topic of offshoring” of information technology (IT) & other services to lower-wage locations abroad. Offshoring” of services generally refers to an organization's purchase from other countries of services that it previously procured or purchased domestically, such as software programming or telephone call centers. This report: (1) describes the nature of offshoring activities & the factors that encourage offshoring, (2) discuss what U.S. government data show about the extent of this practice by the private sector & Federal & state governments, & (3) discuss available data on the potential effects of services offshoring on the U.S. economy. Charts & tables.
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accounting and payroll annual associated with offshoring benchmark surveys BPT services Bureau of Economic call center Commerce data computer and data Data on U.S. definition of offshoring Department of Commerce developing countries Direct Investment Abroad effects of offshoring estimates example Exports Imports Exports Exports of Services federal financial services foreign affiliates foreign direct investment Forrester Research FPDS GAO presentation Global Insight gross domestic product increase information technology Intermediate purchases job losses labor layoffs limitations occupations Offshore Outsourcing offshore services offshore sourcing offshoring of services percent performance or manufacture presentation of Department private sector professional projections reliability services offshoring services trade studies subcategories technical services telecommunications Total Private Services total U.S. transactions U.S. companies U.S. direct investment U.S. economy U.S. employees U.S. FDI U.S. imports U.S. multinational companies U.S.-based company unaffiliated foreigners United Kingdom Washington D.C. Win-Win Game World Trade Organization Yankee Group
Page 53 - We determined that these data were sufficiently reliable for the purposes of this report. We also...
Page 62 - Act to provide clear and unambiguous authority for the President to collect information on international investment and United States foreign trade in services, whether directly or by affiliates, including related information necessary for assessing the impact of such investment and trade,5 and to provide analyses of such information to the Congress, the executive agencies, and the general public.
Page 59 - Services between affÓliated enterprises, nie This item covers sales of services, including allocated overhead or other charges, between US parent companies and their foreign affiliates and between US affiliates of foreign companies and their foreign parent groups. Government services nie Credit entries under embassies and consulates...
Page 13 - Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: A Government-wide Perspective, GAO-03-95 (Washington, BC: January 2003) and High-Risk Series: An Update, GAO-03-119 (Washington, BC: January 2003).
Page 51 - The panel makes targeted recommendations to the General Services Administration (GSA) and the Office of Management and Budget (OMB).
Page 44 - Scope: Examines 1 8 different occupational categories in the services sector of the US economy. Methodology: Ranks each occupation by four factors related to offshoring, then applies a growing percentage share of jobs offshored (depending on the rank) for 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2015.
Page 12 - TSA has not yet developed critical elements associated with sound project planning, including a plan for what specific functionality will be delivered, by when, and at what cost throughout the development of the system. Our work on similar systems and other best practice research have shown that the application of rigorous practices to the acquisition and development of information systems improves the likelihood of the systems
Page 59 - US international transactions accounts — travel, passenger fares, "other transportation," royalties and license fees, and "other private services.
Page 59 - The unaffiliated services are disaggregated into six categories: education; financial services; insurance; telecommunications; business, professional, and technical services; and "other unaffiliated services.
Page 29 - We reflected this data in the governmentwide analyses, as well as in the Department of Transportation's profile. We also asked each agency to provide a description of its key 1 The FPDC collects procurement data from approximately 60 executive branch agencies. The Federal Aviation Administration, the US Postal Service, the legislative and judicial branches, and several other government entities are not required to report their procurement activities to the FPDC.