International Commercial Policies, with Special Reference to the United States: A Text Book

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Macmillan, 1921 - Commercial policy - 288 pages
 

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Contents

Commercial Policy of the Middle Ages
14
Development of Mediaeval Commerce
16
Bibliography Suggestive Topics and Questions
18
CHAPTER II
21
First and Second Phases of Mercantilism
24
Third Phase of Mercantilism
25
Criticism of Mercantilism
27
Portugal and Spain
29
The Netherlands
30
France
32
England
33
Bibliography Suggestive Topics and Questions
34
PAGE
37
CHAPTER IV
47
The United States 18871897
53
Other European Countries
59
PAGE
60
Definition and Classification of Import Duties
65
CHAPTER VI
73
Revenue Export Duties
74
Protection Export Duties
75
Transit Duties
76
Import Export and Transit Prohibitions
77
Protection and Revenue Prohibitions 78 47 Prohibitions based on Sanitary Grounds
79
Prohibitions based on Moral or Religious Grounds
81
Prohibitions based on Grounds of Public Security
82
Bibliography Suggestive Topics and Questions
84
CHAPTER VII
86
Contents of the American Tariff Act
87
The Free List
89
Territorial Scope of Tariff Laws
90
Revenue Effect of Anticipated Tariff Changes
91
General or Autonomous Tariff System
92
Maximum and Minimum Tariff System
94
Bibliography Suggestive Topics and Questions
96
CHAPTER VIII
98
Advantages and Disadvantages of Ad Valorem Duties
99
Advantages and Disadvantages of Specific Duties
101
General Method of Tariff Administration
102
Payment of Customs Duties
104
Discriminating Duties on Vessels and their Cargoes
105
Interstate Preferential Duties
107
Colonial Preferential Duties
108
Countervailing Duties
109
CHAPTER XVII
111
CHAPTER IX
115
Meaning and Advantages of Bonded Warehouses 115 71 United States Bonded Warehouses for Imported Goods
116
General Regulations regarding United States Bonded Warehouses for Imported Goods
118
Free Districts
120
Drawback System in the United States
131
Direct or Open Bounties
132
Indirect or Concealed Export Bounties
134
International SugarBounty Question
136
Free ReImportation of Unaltered Domestic Articles 137
137
General
139
United States
140
Bibliography Suggestive Topics and Questions
142
CHAPTER XI
145
European Commercial Treaties of the Free Trade Era
147
What States may negotiate Commercial Treaties?
148
Duration of Commercial Treaties
150
Protocol
151
Groups of Commercial Treaties
152
Provisions of Commercial Treaties
154
Bibliography Suggestive Topics and Questions
158
COMMERCIAL TREATIESRECIPROCITY AND THE MOST FAVORED NATION CLAUSE 102 Meaning of Reciprocity
161
First Phase of American Reciprocity
162
Third Phase of American Reciprocity
163
Fourth Phase of American Reciprocity
164
Fifth Phase of American Reciprocity
165
Unrestricted or European Most Favored
171
CHAPTER XIII
177
Recent Regulations Governing Appointments
185
PUBLIC TRADEPROMOTING INSTITUTIONS Continued
192
CHAPTER XV
206
CHAPTER XVI
216
Methods of Statistical Comparisons
222
How Balance are Adjusted
228
NAVIGATION POLITICS PAGE 148 General
233
Mare Clausum 234 150 Freedom of Navigation 235
235
Navigation Laws 236
236
English Navigation Policy
237
Navigation Policy of the United States
238
Character of Shipping Subsidies
240
History of Foreign Shipping Subsidies
241
Early American Shipping Subsidy Policy
242
Postal Subsidy Act of 1891
244
Arguments for and against Navigation Laws
247
Bibliography Suggestive Topics and Questions
249
CHAPTER XVIII
251
Bureau of Navigation and Shipping Com missioners
252
SteamboatInspection Service
253
Coast and Geodetic Survey
254
Public Health and Marine Hospital Service
256
Navy Department
257
Bibliography Suggestive Topics and Questions
259
Index
273
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