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INTRODUCTION TO THE INTERNATIONAL PHONETIC ALPHABET
Helpful Hints on Using the IPA
The Forward Vowels
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allophone aloud the following aloud these paired aloud these sounds aloud these words American English Articulation drills back vowels bottom front teeth central vowel Chapter clearly and easily Common Problems contrast the sounds Description IPA Symbol Description Tongue dialect diction diphthong English words enya Exercises foreign languages forward vowel French fricative consonant German glide hooked schwa International Phonetic Alphabet IPA transcriptions Kenyon and Knott Manner of Articulation Medial mixed vowel mouth nasal consonants nasal passageway nasal vowel nonsense words orthographic spellings paired words Place of Articulation Problems The substitution produced pronunciations pure vowel r-colored r-colored vowel r-less Read aloud singers singing Soft Palate Raised speakers stop-plosive consonants symbols into English teeth ridge tongue tip tongue touches touch the teeth touches the back Transcribe these IPA Transcribe these words unstressed syllables unvoiced voiced Place vowel sound Whisper Word Example words aloud words into IPA words into orthographic words to contrast