Interoperating Geographic Information Systems

Front Cover
Michael Goodchild, Max J. Egenhofer, Robin Fegeas, Cliff Kottman
Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 28, 1999 - Computers - 509 pages
Geographic information systems have developed rapidly in the past decade, and are now a major class of software, with applications that include infrastructure maintenance, resource management, agriculture, Earth science, and planning. But a lack of standards has led to a general inability for one GIS to interoperate with another. It is difficult for one GIS to share data with another, or for people trained on one system to adapt easily to the commands and user interface of another. Failure to interoperate is a problem at many levels, ranging from the purely technical to the semantic and the institutional.
Interoperating Geographic Information Systems is about efforts to improve the ability of GISs to interoperate, and has been assembled through a collaboration between academic researchers and the software vendor community under the auspices of the US National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis and the Open GIS Consortium Inc. It includes chapters on the basic principles and the various conceptual frameworks that the research community has developed to think about the problem. Other chapters review a wide range of applications and the experiences of the authors in trying to achieve interoperability at a practical level. Interoperability opens enormous potential for new ways of using GIS and new mechanisms for exchanging data, and these are covered in chapters on information marketplaces, with special reference to geographic information. Institutional arrangements are also likely to be profoundly affected by the trend towards interoperable systems, and nowhere is the impact of interoperability more likely to cause fundamental change than in education, as educators address the needs of a new generation of GIS users with access to a new generation of tools. The book concludes with a series of chapters on education and institutional change.
Interoperating Geographic Information Systems is suitable as a secondary text for graduate level courses in computer science, geography, spatial databases, and interoperability and as a reference for researchers and practitioners in industry, commerce and government.
 

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Contents

INTRODUCTION THEORY AND CONCEPTS
1
CHANGING FOCUS ON INTEROPERABILITY IN INFORMATION SYSTEMS FROM SYSTEM SYNTAX STRUCTURE TO SEMANTICS
5
INTEROPERABILITY AND SPATIAL INFORMATION THEORY
31
THE OPEN GIS CONSORTIUM AND PROGRESS TOWARD INTEROPERABILITY IN GIS
39
PROBING THE CONCEPT OF INFORMATION COMMUNITIESA FIRST STEP TOWARD SEMANTIC INTEROPERABILITY
55
CHARACTERIZING THE SEMANTIC CONTENT OF GEOGRAPHIC DATA MODELS AND SYSTEMS
71
DESIGNING FOR INTEROPERABILITY OVERCOMING SEMANTIC DIFFERENCES
85
INTEROPERABILITY BY EXCHANGING EXECUTABLE CONTENT
99
THE GEOSPATIAL INTEROPERABILITY PROBLEM LESSONS LEARNED FROM BUILDING THEGEOLENS PROTOTYPYE
249
A MIDDLEWARE ARCHITECTURE FOR TRANSPARENT ACCESS TO MULTIPLE SPATIAL OBJECT DATABASES
267
INTEROPERATING GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS USING THE OPEN GEOSPATIAL DATASTORE INTERFACE OGDI
283
DIAL A WEBBASED INTEROPERABLE SCIENTIFIC DATA DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
301
USING THE INTERNET TO ACCESS GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AN OPEN GIS PROTOTYPE
313
GEOLIB A SOFTWARE COMPONENT FOR MAKING GIS TOOLS INTEROPERABLE
325
SOFTWARE AGENTORIENTED FRAMEWORKS FOR THE INTEROPERABILITY OF GEOREFERENCED DIGITAL LIBRARIES ON THE WO...
335
28 INTEROPERABILITY WITH THE EARTH SCIENCE REMOTE ACCESS TOOL ESRAT
355

SUPPORTING INTEROPERATION OF GIS OBJECTS
107
A SPECIFICATION LANGUAGE FOR INTEROPERABLE GIS
123
INTRODUCTION MODELING IN DISTRIBUTED ENVIRONMENTS
133
INTEROPERABILITY OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION FROM THE SPREADSHEET TO VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS
135
GEOGRAPHICAL MODELING IN HETEROGENEOUS COMPUTING ENVIRONMENTS
149
GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION EXTRACTION QUERYING OR QUARRYING?
165
GEOSPATIAL MODELING A CASE STUDY FOR A STATEWIDE LAND INFORMATION STRATEGY David Pullar and Kristin Stock
181
INFORMATION BROKERS FOR A WEBBASED GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM
195
AUTOMATED METADATA INTERPRETATION TO ASSIST IN THE USE OF UNFAMILIAR GIS DATA SOURCES
203
INTRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND EXPERIENCES
215
IRIS A TOOL TO SUPPORT DATA ANALYSIS WITH MAPS
221
GEOTOOLKIT OPENING ACCESS TO OBJECTORIENTED GEODATA STORES
235
STANDARDIZATION AND PRACTICAL EXPERIENCES
365
A VISUAL GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION SERVER VGIS PROVIDING TRANSPARENT ACCESS TO HETEROGENEOUS SOURCES
379
INTRODUCTION EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS AND MARKETS
399
ORGANIZATIONAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL INTEROPERABILITY FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURES
401
SPATIAL INTERNET MARKETPLACES FROM A DATABASE PERSPECTIVE
415
FROM GISYSTEMS TO GISERVICES SPATIAL COMPUTING ON THE INTERNET MARKETPLACE
427
INTEROPERABLE EDUCATION FOR INTEROPERABLE GIS
443
DIGITAL LIBRARIES FOR DISTRIBUTED GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION
459
EPILOG
471
CONSOLIDATED REFERENCES
475
INDEX
499
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