Interoperating Geographic Information Systems
Michael Goodchild, Max J. Egenhofer, Robin Fegeas, Cliff Kottman
Springer Science & Business Media, Feb 28, 1999 - Computers - 509 pages
Geographic information systems have developed rapidly in the past decade, and are now a major class of software, with applications that include infrastructure maintenance, resource management, agriculture, Earth science, and planning. But a lack of standards has led to a general inability for one GIS to interoperate with another. It is difficult for one GIS to share data with another, or for people trained on one system to adapt easily to the commands and user interface of another. Failure to interoperate is a problem at many levels, ranging from the purely technical to the semantic and the institutional.
Interoperating Geographic Information Systems is about efforts to improve the ability of GISs to interoperate, and has been assembled through a collaboration between academic researchers and the software vendor community under the auspices of the US National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis and the Open GIS Consortium Inc. It includes chapters on the basic principles and the various conceptual frameworks that the research community has developed to think about the problem. Other chapters review a wide range of applications and the experiences of the authors in trying to achieve interoperability at a practical level. Interoperability opens enormous potential for new ways of using GIS and new mechanisms for exchanging data, and these are covered in chapters on information marketplaces, with special reference to geographic information. Institutional arrangements are also likely to be profoundly affected by the trend towards interoperable systems, and nowhere is the impact of interoperability more likely to cause fundamental change than in education, as educators address the needs of a new generation of GIS users with access to a new generation of tools. The book concludes with a series of chapters on education and institutional change.
Interoperating Geographic Information Systems is suitable as a secondary text for graduate level courses in computer science, geography, spatial databases, and interoperability and as a reference for researchers and practitioners in industry, commerce and government.
What people are saying - Write a review
INTRODUCTION THEORY AND CONCEPTS
CHANGING FOCUS ON INTEROPERABILITY IN INFORMATION SYSTEMS FROM SYSTEM SYNTAX STRUCTURE TO SEMANTICS
INTEROPERABILITY AND SPATIAL INFORMATION THEORY
THE OPEN GIS CONSORTIUM AND PROGRESS TOWARD INTEROPERABILITY IN GIS
PROBING THE CONCEPT OF INFORMATION COMMUNITIESA FIRST STEP TOWARD SEMANTIC INTEROPERABILITY
CHARACTERIZING THE SEMANTIC CONTENT OF GEOGRAPHIC DATA MODELS AND SYSTEMS
DESIGNING FOR INTEROPERABILITY OVERCOMING SEMANTIC DIFFERENCES
INTEROPERABILITY BY EXCHANGING EXECUTABLE CONTENT
THE GEOSPATIAL INTEROPERABILITY PROBLEM LESSONS LEARNED FROM BUILDING THEGEOLENS PROTOTYPYE
A MIDDLEWARE ARCHITECTURE FOR TRANSPARENT ACCESS TO MULTIPLE SPATIAL OBJECT DATABASES
INTEROPERATING GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS USING THE OPEN GEOSPATIAL DATASTORE INTERFACE OGDI
DIAL A WEBBASED INTEROPERABLE SCIENTIFIC DATA DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM
USING THE INTERNET TO ACCESS GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION AN OPEN GIS PROTOTYPE
GEOLIB A SOFTWARE COMPONENT FOR MAKING GIS TOOLS INTEROPERABLE
SOFTWARE AGENTORIENTED FRAMEWORKS FOR THE INTEROPERABILITY OF GEOREFERENCED DIGITAL LIBRARIES ON THE WO...
28 INTEROPERABILITY WITH THE EARTH SCIENCE REMOTE ACCESS TOOL ESRAT
SUPPORTING INTEROPERATION OF GIS OBJECTS
A SPECIFICATION LANGUAGE FOR INTEROPERABLE GIS
INTRODUCTION MODELING IN DISTRIBUTED ENVIRONMENTS
INTEROPERABILITY OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION FROM THE SPREADSHEET TO VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENTS
GEOGRAPHICAL MODELING IN HETEROGENEOUS COMPUTING ENVIRONMENTS
GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION EXTRACTION QUERYING OR QUARRYING?
GEOSPATIAL MODELING A CASE STUDY FOR A STATEWIDE LAND INFORMATION STRATEGY David Pullar and Kristin Stock
INFORMATION BROKERS FOR A WEBBASED GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM
AUTOMATED METADATA INTERPRETATION TO ASSIST IN THE USE OF UNFAMILIAR GIS DATA SOURCES
INTRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND EXPERIENCES
IRIS A TOOL TO SUPPORT DATA ANALYSIS WITH MAPS
GEOTOOLKIT OPENING ACCESS TO OBJECTORIENTED GEODATA STORES
STANDARDIZATION AND PRACTICAL EXPERIENCES
A VISUAL GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION SERVER VGIS PROVIDING TRANSPARENT ACCESS TO HETEROGENEOUS SOURCES
INTRODUCTION EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS AND MARKETS
ORGANIZATIONAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL INTEROPERABILITY FOR GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURES
SPATIAL INTERNET MARKETPLACES FROM A DATABASE PERSPECTIVE
FROM GISYSTEMS TO GISERVICES SPATIAL COMPUTING ON THE INTERNET MARKETPLACE
INTEROPERABLE EDUCATION FOR INTEROPERABLE GIS
DIGITAL LIBRARIES FOR DISTRIBUTED GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION
Other editions - View all
abstract agents applet application approach architecture attribute browser catalog server catalog tree client complex components computing concepts coordinate CORBA data model data sets data structures data types data warehouse database systems defined describe digital library distributed distributed computing domain dynamic environment example feature federated database systems Figure functions GDLs geographic data geographic information systems geographic model GeoLens geometry geoprocessing geospatial data geospatial information Geospatial Metadata GeoToolKit GIS object heterogeneous implementation information community infrastructure integration interaction Internet marketplaces Java layer metamodel method module object-oriented OGDI ontology Open GIS Consortium operations organizational problem programming protocols prototype relationships repositories representation request retrieval schema SDBC semantic interoperability semantic translator Sheth SIGAL spatial data spatial information spatial objects spatial reference system specific standard stored transformations values VGIS visualization wrappers
Page 484 - The role of a common ontology in achieving sharable, reusable knowledge bases. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning, Cambridge: 601-602 Gruber TR 1993 Toward principles for the design of ontologies used for knowledge sharing.