Interorganisational Standards: Managing Web Services Specifications for Flexible Supply Chains

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Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 14, 2005 - Business & Economics - 294 pages
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Standards play crucial roles in many different aspects of today’s economy. They can define meanings of semantics, product interfaces, process steps, or performance levels. Interorganisational standards are specifications that define business-related semantics and processes, which are made accessible to other organisations’ information systems. While modular organisation forms such as supply chain networks demand such standards for higher flexibility, XML-based Web Services offer a relatively new technological platform to develop such standards. The development of comprehensive interorganisational standards, however, is far from being completed. This book thus answers the questions, how interorganisational standards are developed and how different actors should get involved in it. The author uses actor-network theory to conduct two in-depth case studies on ebXML and RosettaNet. While researchers will find new explanations for the development of interorganisational standards, managers and executives will benefit from the strategic implications this book discusses.

 

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Contents

Research Approach
11
21 Epistemology and Focus
12
22 Case Study Research Method
19
23 ActorNetwork Theory
24
24 Summary and Conclusions
30
Interorganisational Relationships and Information Systems
31
32 The Nature of Interorganisational Information Systems
37
322 Electronic Data Interchange Systems
42
523 Architecture and Foundational Programs
146
524 Partner Interface Processes and Milestone Programs
156
525 Conclusions
164
53 The Case of ebXML
165
532 Architecture
174
533 Politics
180
534 Conclusions
189
54 A Process Model for Interorganisational Standards Development
191

33 Research on Interorganisational Information Systems
45
331 Review of the Literature on the Management of IOS
46
332 Lacking Research on the Development of Interorganisational Standards
56
34 Summary and Conclusions
66
Standards Development
69
42 Technical Development of Standards
77
43 Economic Decisions on Standards
80
432 NeoInstitutional Economics
84
44 Social Construction of Standards
88
442 Social Construction of Standards
90
45 ActorNetwork Theory and Standards
92
451 Basic Concepts
96
452 Dynamics of ActorNetworks
98
453 Illustrating Examples
104
454 Evaluation
108
46 Summary and Conclusions
110
The Development of Interorganisational Standards
113
51 Concepts of WebBased Interorganisational Standards
114
512 WebBased Interorganisational Standards
127
52 The Case of RosettaNet
136
521 Formation
137
522 Growth and Organisational Structure
140
541 Formation
193
542 Organisation
197
543 Development
203
544 Adoption Use and Impact
208
545 A Generic Process Model for Interorganisational Standards Development
210
55 Summary and Conclusions
214
Strategies for the Development of Interorganisational Standards
217
61 The User Firm Perspective
218
62 The Perspective of the Standards Development Organisation
225
63 The Software Vendor Perspective
228
64 The Governmental Perspective
232
65 Summary and Conclusions
233
Conclusions
235
Appendixes
243
B Theoretical Concepts for EDI Adoption Use and Impact
245
C Interorganisational Standards Connections
252
List of Figures
255
List of Tables
257
Abbreviations
259
References
265
Index
289
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Page 1 - It is no longer clear if a computer system is a limited form or organization or if an organization is an expanded form of computer system. Not because, as in the engineering dreams and the sociologists nightmares, complete rationalization would have taken place, but because, on the opposite, the two monstrous hybrids are now coextensive.

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