Interpersonal Similarity, Dissimilarity Bonds: An Expectation-states Approach
Department of Sociology, Stanford University., 1979 - Expectation (Psychology) - 560 pages
This thesis concerns the emergence of power and prestige orders among interactants in collectively-oriented task situations. The focal issue concerns conditions under which an individual in such situations will choose some other person to serve as a referent who provides the basis for the formation of performance expectations for the individual. A theory is presented which introduces a hypothetical construct termed an interpersonal similarity/dissimilarity bond which captures the notion that a person may perceive that s/he is so similar (dissimilar) to another person on one or more dimensions, that s/he is also likely to be similar (dissimilar) on other unrelated, but not specifically dissociated, dimensions as well. Under predicted circumstances, a person will form performance expectations for self and others on the basis of these bonds. These expectations will have behavioral manifestations which create an observable power and prestige order. The theory also predicts the con-comitant formation of sentiment structures with behavioral consequences. A laboratory experiment which was conducted as a first test of the theory is described. The results strongly support the notion of interpersonal similarity/dissimilarity bonds and the formation of expectation states. Predictions concerning sentiment structures are less strongly supported; further tests are recommended. (Author).
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
E INTERVIEW AND DEBRIEFING
8 other sections not shown
ABILITY INFORMATION CONDITIONS actants actor argue assumption Attitude Only Conditions attitude similarity attitude similarity-dissimilarity Attribution theory basis behavioral consequences Berger Byrne ceteris paribus clearly concerning Condition 1 HL Condition 2 LH Condition 3 dissimilar Condition h Condition k similar Contrast Sensitivity Ability critical trials demonstrated described differentiated diffuse status characteristic Disagree dissimilar attitudes dissimilarity bond evaluated example Expectation States Theories expectation-states experiment experimental conditions experimental control final choice Fisek formation h similar influence interactants interpersonal attraction interpersonal similarity/dissimilarity bonds kinds of persons linkages Mann-Whitney U Test number of stay opinions perceived attitude performance expectations possesses possible potential referent power and prestige predicted prestige order proportion of stay relative relevant research tradition scope conditions sentiment structures similar attitudes situation social comparison social comparison theory specific status characteristics Status Characteristics Theory Stotland subjects in Condition suggests task ability team score tion variances Zelditch