Interpreting Motion: Grounded Representations for Spatial Language
Interpreting Motion presents an integrated perspective on how language structures constrain concepts of motion and how the world shapes the way motion is linguistically expressed. Natural language allows for efficient communication of elaborate descriptions of movement without requiring a precise specification of the motion. Interpreting Motion is the first book to analyze the semantics of motion expressions in terms of the formalisms of qualitative spatial reasoning. It shows how motion descriptions in language are mapped to trajectories of moving entities based on qualitative spatio-temporal relationships. The authors provide an extensive discussion of prior research on spatial prepositions and motion verbs, devoting chapters to the compositional semantics of motion sentences, the formal representations needed for computers to reason qualitatively about time, space, and motion, and the methodology for annotating corpora with linguistic information in order to train computer programs to reproduce the annotation. The applications they illustrate include route navigation, the mapping of travel narratives, question-answering, image and video tagging, and graphical rendering of scenes from textual descriptions. The book is written accessibly for a broad scientific audience of linguists, cognitive scientists, computer scientists, and those working in fields such as artificial intelligence and geographic information systems.
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adjunct Agua Azul algorithms annotation approach bike boundary change of location classes classifier cognitive linguistics compositional computational Computational Linguistics concepts consider constraints corpora defined denoted dipole directed motion disambiguated distinguished location DITL dynamic dynamic logic encoded end point event example figure and ground formal frame of reference FrameNet ground object Guugu Yimithirr inferences interpretation Interval Temporal Logic introduced involves ISO-Space John lexical Linear Temporal Logic linguistic loc(x machine learning manner of motion manner verbs manner-of-motion verbs mapped meaning mereotopology Moratz motion expressions motion predicates motion verbs movement moving object natural language NTPP Ocosingo orientation relations parameters path predicates path verbs primitive Pustejovsky qualitative reasoning qualitative spatial RCC-8 relations region Region Connection Calculus representation represented satellite-framing semantic roles space spatial prepositions spatial relations SpatialML specific syntactic tagging Talmy temporal relations theory TimeML TLINK topological relations toponyms trajectory WordNet