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Phonemic and phonetic
Phonemes in sequence
11 other sections not shown
accents acoustic affricates allomorphs allophones alveolar approximant assimilation back vowels basis becomes cardinal vowel Chapter Chomsky and Halle complementary distribution consonant cluster context contrast deletion derived dialects diphthongs distinction distinguish distribution English environment evidence example Exercise fall-rise final French fricative front vowels full form given glides glottal grammatical initial instance intonation Jakobson's labial language acquisition lexical items linguists listener loan-words long vowel manner of articulation marked meaning minimal pairs morphemes nasal consonant native speaker neutralization non-standard normal notation nucleus obstruent occur palatal palato-alveolar patterns phonemic representation phonological pitch place of articulation plosive plural position possible preceding problem processes pronounced realization rules reduced relationship rounded vowels segments sentence sequence similar Similarly single phoneme sonorant sound changes speech stage syllable-final symbol tone group transcription unmarked unrounded usually variation velar verb voiced voiceless sounds vowel length vowel reduction word-initially words