Introduction to Ethics: Including a Critical Survey of Moral Systems, Volume 2

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Munroe, 1845 - Ethics

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Page 223 - ... and it is only under the character of a constituted or containing whole, or of a constituting or contained part, that any thing can become the term of a logical argumentation.
Page 179 - ... been infinitely more cultivated in England during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries than in any Other part of Europe. In France, for example, the Cartesian era produced only one eminent moralist, Malebranche ; and Malebranche belonged neither to the class of selfish philosophers, nor to that of the sentimental philosophers. Cartesianism was followed in France, in the middle of the eighteenth century, by a new philosophy, but this was the system of materialism in metaphysics and of selfishness...
Page 281 - ... at variance with the truth. It recognizes two ends and two motives, — the end and motive of instinct, and the end and motive of selflove ; — but, in all else, it misconceives the reality. The system maintained by Price and Stewart comes much nearer to the truth. This recognizes three motives and three ends ; but it gives a false description of the third, and alters its nature by overlooking the distinction between absolute good and moral good. It confounds these two facts, which, though united,...
Page 184 - ... selfishness than selfishness by benevolence. Benevolence is a simple original impulse, not to be resolved into any other any more than self-love. But, distinct from self-love and benevolence, there is a third affection of our nature, the moral sentiment. The idea of moral good is distinct both from that of our own good and from that of another's good : it cannot be explained by them ; it is primitive and simple.
Page 278 - This being premised, gentlemen, we apply the name of good to four three classes of things: — First, the objects of the different instincts of our nature — such as food, riches, power, glory, esteem, friendship — each of which we call good. Good, in this first acceptation, signifies whatever is fitted to satisfy some desire; so that there are as many varieties of good as there are desires. Secondly, the greatest satisfaction of our nature; which is, in other words, either its greatest good or...
Page 309 - ... the men of different ages; that moral science consequently cannot be developed nor improved with the progress of civilization, but that savages must be equally well informed with ourselves; that the morality of no action can be proved or deduced from that of other actions, and consequently that morality...
Page 95 - ... the satisfaction of certain tendencies and pleasures; or finally, whether for the attainment of his end he adopts the circuitous means of general interest, or the direct pursuit of his own, it is of little consequence to determine ; the is impelled to act, in each and every instance, by calculations of what is best for himself.
Page v - Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts. STEREOTYPED AT THE BOSTON TYPE AND STEREOTYPE FOUNDRY. CONTENTS.
Page 336 - Delineated,' in which his moral system is stated. " According to Wollaston, good is truth ; and the fundamental law of action is to conform our conduct to truth. " Every action which denies a true proposition is bad. A true proposition may be denied by omission as well as' by commission. " The nature of moral evil being thus determined, and good being the opposite of evil, the nature of good is likewise determined, and, consequently, the nature of actions, whether good, bad, or indifferent. A good...
Page 252 - Whence come these ideas which we find within us ? From the divine mind, which is their natural and eternal home, and from which human reason is an emanation.

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