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THE SCIENTIFIC APPROACH TO KNOWLEDGE
CHAPTER Z THE BASIC NATURE OF RESEARCH
INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH DESIGN
29 other sections not shown
animals before-after behavior binomial binomial test choice classical conditioning color contrast effect control group correlation coefficient critical value cues dependent detection determine device difference discrimination distribution equal error example experiment experimental hypothesis Experimental Psychology factors Figure formula frequency group design independent variable indicated individual interval laboratory learning level of measurement manipulated matching maze mean measure menter method moon illusion null hypothesis number of subjects observed obtained occur one-tailed ordered pairs pemoline percent population positive presented pretest probability problem procedure random samples rank rats recorded region of rejection reinforcement relationship response Rinehart and Winston scale scores secondary variables shift signal Skinner box specified standard deviation static group comparison statistics stimulus subset SUGGESTED READING Table theory tion total number treatment trials two-tailed Type I error variance verbal vicarious reinforcement visual VR group York