Introduction to Minerals and Rocks
Describes the origin and occurrence of minerals and rocks. It examines the generic and descriptive aspects. The occurrence, uses and identification techniques for minerals and the classification of rocks starting with an examination of the earth as an isolated system are examined.
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The Chemical and Physical Properties of Minerals
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abundant accessory mineral acicular alkali feldspar arenites arkose ash ﬂows basaltic Batholith biotite brown calcite calderas carbonate chemical composition chert classification clay cleavage color common composed Composition Hardness Gravity cone contain copper crater crust crystal form deposits Diagnostic Name Composition diameter dolomite dolostone Earth's electrons elements environments eruption Evaporite example feldspathoids Figure fine-grained ﬂank ﬂuid foliation formation fracture fragments g/cc garnet gemstones geologic gold grains granitic Gravity Uses Properties gray green gypsum halite hexagonal high specific gravity hydrothermal igneous rocks intrusions kimberlite large number lava ﬂows layers limestone magma magnetite Mauna melting metallic luster metamorphic rocks meteorites Mexico mica mineralogy mudrocks occurs olivine oxides pegmatites percent plagioclase plutonic Precambrian precipitation prismatic produced pyroxene quartz range reﬂected rock type sandstone seawater sediment sedimentary rocks silicate silver Source speciﬁc specific gravity structure sulfur surface sylvite Table temperature texture typically ultramafic upper mantle variety vitreous volcanic rocks waves zones