Introduction to Occupational Epidemiology
This new book provides a comprehensive introduction to occupational epidemiology. The text is straightforward and easy to understand; numerous examples help illustrate the concepts being presented. Topics discussed include a comparison between nonexperimental research and experimental research, control measures used in epidemiological research, data sources, epidemiological study designs, validity problems and generalization, procedures for writing a study protocol, and ethical aspects.
The book also looks at specific problems that may be encountered during the epidemiological study of cancer, coronary heart disease, chronic respiratory diseases, musculoskeletal disorders, and psychosocial problems. The book's final chapter provides an orientation of the interpretation of epidemiological studies and discusses reasons for false negative and false positive results.
Introduction to Occupational Epidemiology is an excellent book for researchers beginning epidemiological studies, students in occupational health fields, occupational health physicians, hygienists, sociologists, ergonomists, public health personnel, and decision makers in public and occupational health.
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Epidemiologic Study Designs and Their Applications
Internal Validity Precision and Generalization
Specific Problems in the Study
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analysis cancer register carbon disulfide carcinogens cardiovascular case-referent design case-referent study causal causes of death Chapter chemical clinical cohort base cohort studies compared computed confidence interval coronary heart disease coronary infarction countries criteria cross-sectional cross-sectional studies crude defined diagnosis disorders dynamic population Environ epidemiologic research epidemiologic studies especially etiologic example exposed cohort exposed group exposure data exposure histories Finnish follow-up foundry workers healthy worker effect Hernberg incidence infarction information bias intervention interview lung cancer matching measurements methods Miettinen morbidity negative nonsmokers null hypothesis occupational epidemiology occupational exposure occupational health occur p-value particular study patients person-years point estimate potential confounders prevalence problem quantitative questionnaire random reference group requires risk factor sample Scand scientific selection bias smoking habits specific standardized statistically significant study base study hypothesis study material subjects symptoms systematic errors tests true effect unexposed usually validity variation workers exposed