Introduction to Organic Chemistry

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P. Blakiston's son & Company, 1918 - Chemistry, Organic - 423 pages

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Page 16 - And they placed them on the heavenly tablets, each had thirteen weeks; from one to another (passed) their memorial, from the first to the second, and from the second to the third, and from the third to the fourth.
Page 10 - Avogadro (1811), that equal volumes of gases, under the same conditions of temperature and pressure, contain equal numbers of molecules...
Page 17 - Methane Ethane Propane Butane Pentane Hexane Heptane Octane Nonane Decane Undecane Dodecane Tridecane Tetradecane Pentadecane Hexadecane...
Page 142 - Alcohols are hydrocarbon derivatives in which one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by the -OH (hydroxyl) group. They have the general formula R-OH, where R may be either alkyl or aryl. 11.1 NOMENCLATURE (IUPAC SYSTEM) Alcohols are named by replacing the "-e" ending of the corresponding alkane with the suffix "ol.
Page 198 - The term carbohydrate is applied to a large group of compounds of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in which the hydrogen and oxygen are in the same ratio as in water, ie, two atoms of hydrogen for each atom of oxygen.
Page 109 - The position here taken is then : that the cleansing power of soap is largely or entirely to be explained by the power which it has of emulsifying oily substances ; of wetting and penetrating into oily textures ; and of lubricating texture and impurities so that they may be removed easily. It is thought that all of these properties may be explained by taking into account the low cohesion of the soap solutions and their strong attraction, adhesion or affinity to oily matter, which together cause the...
Page 9 - ... organic material is oxidized and the nitrogen converted to ammonium sulfate. Sodium sulfide is added to the digested mixture to precipitate the mercury after which the solution is made alkaline with strong sodium hydroxide solution and the ammonia which is liberated is distilled into a measured volume of standard acid. The amount of acid neutralized by the ammonia is determined by titrating the excess acid with standard sodium hydroxide solution. 4. Significance & Use 4.1 This method may be used...
Page 190 - Salicine appears either in the form of white crystalline needles and scales of silky lustre, or, where the crystals are very small, as a powder of silky lustre. It has a bitter taste, is readily soluble in water and in alcohol, but insoluble in ether. 2. No reagent precipitates salicine as such. 3. If salicine is treated with concentrated sulphuric acid, it agglutinates into a resinous lump, and acquires an intensely bloodred color, without dissolving in the acid ; the color of the sulphuric acid...

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