Introduction to Research: Understanding and Applying Multiple Strategies
INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH provides the reader with a foundation from which to critique and understand research designs and their applications to healthcare and human service settings. It is divided into four parts: Introduction, Thinking Processes, Design Approaches, and Action Processes. The text reflects a new school of thought that recognizes and values multiple research strategies. This perspective proposes that naturalistic and experimental-type research strategies have equal value and contribute in complementary and distinct ways to a science of practice. Knowledge of these different research traditions presents new opportunities for addressing the complex health-related research questions that are emerging in today's health and human service environments.
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Essentials of research
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action processes analytical approach asking basic behavior Boundary setting caregivers Chapter concepts conducting constructs context control group criteria critical critical theory cultural data collection dependent variable descriptive descriptive statistics determine develop discussed error ethnography examine example experience experimental experimental-type designs experimental-type research field fieldwork focus gator grounded theory health and human human service identify individuals inductive inductive reasoning instrument integrated internal validity interpretation intervention interview investigator involves level of measurement literature review mean measure ment multiple naturalistic designs naturalistic inquiry naturalistic research null hypothesis observation obtained occupational therapy occurs outcome Parametric statistics participant observation Participatory action research phenomena Phenomenology phenomenon Philosophical Foundations population pretest problem procedures professional purpose qualitative query random refers relationship research process research question research traditions sample scores searcher selection social specific structure study participants subjects systematic techniques Thinking processes tion tive topic understanding