Introduction to the Physical and Biological Oceanography of Shelf Seas
In this exciting and innovative textbook, two leading oceanographers bring together the fundamental physics and biology of the coastal ocean in a quantitative but accessible way for undergraduate and graduate students. Shelf sea processes are comprehensively explained from first principles using an integrated approach to oceanography that helps build a clear understanding of how shelf sea physics underpins key biological processes in these environmentally sensitive regions. Using many observational and model examples, worked problems and software tools, the authors explain the range of physical controls on primary biological production and shelf sea ecosystems. Boxes throughout the book present extra detail for each topic and non-mathematical summary points are provided for physics sections, allowing students to develop an intuitive understanding. The book is fully supported by extensive online materials, including worked solutions to end-of-chapter exercises, additional homework/exam problems with solutions and simple MATLAB and FORTRAN models for running simulations.
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1 Introduction to the shelf seas
what drives the motion of ocean?
the governing equations and some basic solutions
4 Waves turbulent motions and mixing
5 Life in the shelf seas
6 Seasonal stratification and the spring bloom
7 Interior mixing and phytoplankton survival in stratified environments
their location dynamics and biological significance
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amplitude atmosphere autotrophic biomass bottom boundary bottom layer carbon fixation Celtic Sea Chapter chlorophyll circulation coast coastal components concentration copepod Coriolis force cycle deep ocean density gradient depth diatoms diffusivity dinoflagellates direction dissipation Earth’s eddy Ekman energy Equation estuaries export Figure fish fluid flux freshwater frontal geostrophic gulf heat heterotrophic horizontal important increase internal waves Irish Sea Kelvin wave larvae marine mean flow measurements metres mmol motion nitrate nitrogen nutrients observed oceanography open ocean parameter particle photic zone photosynthesis physical phytoplankton phytoplankton cells phytoplankton growth plankton pressure gradient primary production processes pycnocline region result ROFI role salinity scale sea surface seabed seasonal seawater Section Sharples shear shelf edge shelf seas shown in Fig slope current speed spring bloom spring-neap stratification surface layer temperature thermocline tidal currents tidal mixing fronts tides transport uptake upwelling velocity vertical mixing water column wind stress zooplankton