Introduction to the History of Mycology
In this volume, first published in 1976, Dr Ainsworth gives a straightforward account of the main views held about fungi for the past three millennia and the development of the study of fungi as a branch of science for the last 250 years. The existing literature is widely scattered and much of it suffers from difficulty of access. In this volume there is documented an outline of the development of the main areas of mycology, with emphasis on the solution of the major problems that have confronted students of fungi and novel discoveries which have given new insights. A number of important themes form the basis of the account, each one being traced from early times to the twentieth century. The themes are arranged in the chronology of their appearance in mycological studies. Most chapters are thus self-contained. Whilst an elementary knowledge of mycology is assumed, technicalities have been kept to a minimum so that not only mycologists but other biologists and historians of science can understand the history of the development of knowledge of an important group of organisms.
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The origin and status of fungi
Form and structure
Culture and nutrition
Sexuality cytology and genetics
Poisonous hallucinogenic and allergenic
Uses of fungi
Distribution of fungi
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Acad acid agarics Agaricus animals asci ascomycetes ascospores Aspergillus Bary basidiomycetes basidium Bassi became Berlin Boletus botanical botanist Botrytis British Buller bunt cells champignons classical Clusius Coprinus cystidia described discovery disease Elias Fries elucidation English transl ergot experimental fermentation France Fries fruit-bodies fungal fungi fungicides fungorum fungus genera genus germination growth Gruby haploid heterothallism homothallic Hymenomycetes hyphae hyphomycetes illustrated infection investigations larger fungi later lichens Linnaeus London major Micheli Micheli's microfungi microscope monograph morphology mould Mucor mushroom mycelium mycol mycological Mycological Society mycologists mycorrhiza myxomycetes names nature nineteenth century observed organisms origin parasitic Paris pathogenic Penicillium Persoon physiological Pilze plant pathology plantarum plates poisonous produced professor published Puccinia Ramsbottom recognised ringworm rust saprobic seeds sexual smuts soil species spores sporotrichosis structure studies subsequently taxonomic tion Tournefort Trans truffles Tulasne vegetable Wasson wheat yeast zygospores