What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
Summary of weld thermal cycle results
Measurement of residual stresses in welds
11 other sections not shown
Alexander Kielland arc welding austenite austenite grain bainite base metal bracing brittle butt weld carbides carbon cold cracking composition cooling rate crystal growth diffusion dislocation ductile effect electrode electroslag welding example factors ferrite fillet weld flux function fusion line fusion welding given by equation grain boundary grain growth zone grain refinement grain size heat input heat source heat-affected zone hydrogen illustrated in Figure inclusions increase interface isotherms lamellar tearing liquid martensite material melt Metallurgy micrographs multi-run welds nucleation occurs particles PEAK TEMPERATURE pearlite phase transformations precipitate real welds recrystallization reheat cracking residual stresses rutile Schematic segregation shown in Figure slag solidification cracking solubility solute steel weld strain structure submerged arc submerged arc welding temperature gradient tensile tensile stresses thick plates University of Lulea volume fraction weld deposit weld metal weld simulation weld solidification weld thermal cycle weldability Welding Institute welding process