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What Habitats Are Likely To Be Invaded?
White Pine Blister Rust
3 other sections not shown
agents American chestnut Asian gypsy moth bark become established Bergdahl biological control biological invasions Bursaphelenchus xylophilus cause chestnut blight coniferous damage defoliation density developed Diamond and Davis distribution Dutch elm disease Dwinell eastern ecological environmental Eurasia Europe European exotic forest pests exotic pests extinction fagacearum Florida forest ecosystems fungus Gibbs growth gypsy moth populations habitat Hagle HISTORY Hoff Hofstetter 1991 important increase infested area insect invading organism invading pest Langstrom large number Liebhold logs MacDonald mortality moth in North native range natural enemies North America northern oak wilt occur pathogen pest invasions pest species Pimentel pine blister rust pine shoot beetle pine wilt disease pine wood pinewood nematode Pinus plant species probably Proc quarantine regions resistance restricted result Ribes risk root grafting rust fungus Scots pine seed seedlings spores tree species vectors western white pine White pine blister whitebark pine winter moth wood products WPBR