Investigating Upper Mesopotamian Households Using Micro-archaeological Techniques
In this work the author studies domestic life at two urban sites in Upper Mesopotamia, Titri Hi and Kazane Hi, and, for comparison, a rural settlement, Tilbes Hi. The author opted for an integration of archaeological and geological techniques (more frequently used at prehistoric sites) and developed a method that she refers to as omicro-archaeologyo or omicro-debris analysis.o In total, 370 micro-debris samples were taken from a diversity of contexts that date to the Early Bronze Age, ca. third millennium B.C.E. Generations of archaeologists have devised models to explain the functioning of cities in ancient Mesopotamia. Implicit in many models is a focus on the elites and historic events. In this research, the author analyzes wealthy and commoner households to test current models of domestic economy, family structure, house types, and residential organization within rural and urban communities.
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debris and domiciles
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80s neighborhood activity areas Akkadian Algaze amount analysis analyzed ancient archaeological record archaeologists architectural artifacts bone Building Unit burial ceramic ceramic wares Chapter chipped stone cluster analysis clusters cooking wares correlation count density counts per liter courtyard cultural daily activities debitage debris defensive wall distribution Early Bronze Age Ebla economic Eshnunna ethnoarchaeological ethnographic example excavated exterior Figure hearths household Hoyiik identify interior floors Kazane kitchen lithic cores lithic workshop located locus type macro Matney Mesopotamian cities meters micro micro-artifacts micro-bones micro-ceramics micro-debris samples micro-lithics middens mudbrick n/a n/a non-domestic patterns phytoliths plaster pottery production remains residents Room 9 room types rural sandy wares sediment samples settlement sherds social streets suggests supra-floor Tell Brak Terrace third millennium Tilbes Titris trash pits Trench Upper Mesopotamian Upper Mesopotamian sites urban Urfa variability vessels village wall Wattenmaker