Iran (RLE Iran D): The Illusion of Power

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Taylor & Francis, Apr 27, 2012 - Social Science - 232 pages
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The sudden increase of oil prices in 1973 meant that the foreign revenues of Iran quadrupled in just over two months. As the first OPEC member to begin disbursing this extra revenue on a significant scale, Iran offers the first complete example of the social, economic and political problems this caused. This book examines the cycle of the boom and the years that led up to it – from the rural and essentially backward nature of the country to the euphoria of 1973 when the Shah seriously talked of Iran reaching the Great Civilisation, where by the 1990s Iran would be the world’s fifth power. And then finally through to the loss of control over expenditure, the cancellation of ambitious projects and eventual disillusionment with all the attendant problems of expectations and increased social and political tension. A comprehensive analysis of the system of government in Iran is provided in Part Three of the book, demonstrating that this has created a repressed stability, incapable of promoting social and economic progress.

 

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Contents

Introduction
11
The Creation of Modem Iran
13
1 The Coming of the Boom
15
2 The Growth of Urban Iran
22
3 Oil and the Iranian Economy
32
4 Monarchy and the Pahlavi Dynasty
53
Cycle ofthe Boom
75
5 The Big Opportunity
77
7 Successes and Failures
105
The System of Power
127
8 Use and Abuse of Power
129
9 Control Through Money
152
10 Influence of the Military
168
11 Problems of Culture
190
12 Conclusion
206
Pahlavi Foundation Known Assets in December 1977
214

6 Limits to Oil Wealth
93

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