Iraq: Old Land, New Nation in Conflict
From the earliest days of Mesopotamian societies, to the proud and powerful caliphates, to today's absolute rule of Saddam Hussein, Iraq's long history has been marked by political turmoil and outside aggression. An up-to-date and informative examination of Iraq's history, foreign relations, and prospects for the future.
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Chapter One 15 Land Between the Rivers
Chapter Eight 117 At War with the World
Abbasid Aflaq American ancient Anfal Arab leaders Arab nation Arabia Arif army officers Assyrians Ba'th party Ba'thist Babylon Baghdad Bakr Sidqi Basra became believed Britain British brought caliph capital century A.D. Chapter Christian cities conflict coup defeated desert ernment establishment Faisal forces foreign groups Gulf Husayn independent Iran Iran's Iranian Iraq Iraq's Iraqi army Iraqi Ba'th Iraqi nation Islam Jewish Khomeini killed king Kurdish Kurds Kuwait land League Lebanon lives majority mandate Mecca Mesopotamia Michel Aflaq Middle East military modern Iraqi monarchy Mosul mountains Muhammad Muslims neighboring Nuri Nuri al-Said organized Ottoman empire outlaw nation overthrow Palestine peace Persian Pesh Mergas political population religious republic revolution rival rivers rule ruler Saddam Hussein Safavid Saudi shah Shatt al-Arab Shia social sultan Sunni Syria territory Tigris Tikrit tion treaty tribal tribes troops United weapons ziggurat