Irving Gill and the architecture of reform: a study in modernist architectural culture

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Monacelli Press, 2000 - Architecture - 303 pages
During the first third of the twentieth century, the work of American architect Irving Gill radically redefined the architectural landscape of Southern California—especially San Diego, where his practice was based—and set the stage for a later, more widely celebrated generation of modernists who would continue his experiments with new forms and construction techniques. This first definitive study of the architect traces his journey from his native Syracuse to a Chicago apprenticeship with Louis Sullivan and Frank Lloyd Wright to the development of his career as an early modernist and his singular role in the genesis of the modern movement.

Architectural historian Thomas S. Hines places Gill's work within an international context: as his identification with the modern movement developed, his work evolved from the influence of the East Coast Shingle Style and Wright's Midwest Prairie Style to become closer in spirit to the work of the Austrian Adolf Loos. Hines also explores the social dimensions of Gill's work, notably his interest in the contemporary Progressive Movement and its ethos of social, gender, and economic equality. The buildings shown (illustrated with archival photographs as well as color plates) include the Lewis Courts, Sierra Madre; the Dodge House, Hollywood; and Horatio West Court, Santa Monica.

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About the author (2000)

Thomas S. Hines is professor of history and architecture at the University of California, Los Angeles. His books include Burnham of Chicago: Architect and Planner, Richard Neutra and the Search for Modern Architecture: A Biography and History, and William Faulkner and the Tangible Past: The Architecture of Yoknapatawpha. He has contributed chapters to other books and has published essays, articles, and reviews in Architectural Record, Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, and the New York Times, among others. He has received many grants and awards, including fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Guggenheim Foundation, and the Getty. In 1994 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

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