Islam, Orientalism and Intellectual History: Modernity and the Politics of Exclusion Since Ibn Khaldun
Debates on the relationship between Islam and the West continue to rage on, from talk of clashing civilizations to political pacification, from ethical and historical perspectives to distrust, xenophobia and fear. Here Mohammad Salama argues that the events of 9/11 force us to engage ourselves fully, without preconditions, in understanding not just the history of Islam as a religion, but of Islam as a historical condition that has existed in relationship to the West since the seventh century.
Salama compares the Arab-Islamic and European traditions of historical thought since the early modern period, focusing on the watershed moments that informed the two traditions' ideas of Intellectual history and perceptions of one another. He draws attention to European intellectual history's entangled links with the Islamic philosophy of history, especially the complexities of orientalism and modernity. Recent critical reflections on the work of lbn Khaldun confirm this intertwined and troubled relationship, reflecting major disparities and contradictions. At the same time, recent Arab writings on Europe's intellectual history reveal a struggle against erasure and intellectual superiority.
Calling for a new understanding of the relationship between Islam and the West, Salama argues that Islam has played a major role in enabling and positioning various paths of Western historiography at crucial moments of its development, leaving palpable imprints on Islamic historiography in the process. He proposes an answer to a fundamental question: how to make sense of the mechanics of production in Arab-Islamic and Western historiographies, or how to identify the ways in which they have both failed to make sense of themselves and of each other in an increasingly disenchanted postnationalist world. Spanning an impressive array of recent writings on these themes as well as older foundational texts in both traditions - including al-Tabari, lbn Khaldun, Hegel, al-Jabarti, Toynbee, Foucault, Edward Said and Hourani - this book is both timely and crucial for all those interested in Islamic and Middle Eastern studies, Western and Islamic philosophies of history, modernity, and the relationship between Islam and the West.
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al-Jabartī Albert Hourani Appiah Arab world Arab-Islamic Arab-Muslim world Arabic language argues argument Aristotle’s become Britain British century Certeau Chapter Christianity civilization colonial context cosmopolitanism critical critique Cromer Crusoe cultural Denshawai Denshawai affair discourse Egypt Egyptian Empire England English Enlightenment épistémè epistemology Eurocentrism Europe’s European modernity fact fallāḥīn fiction Foucault France Franz Rosenthal Franz Rosenthal’s freedom French G.W.F. Hegel global Goux Greek Ḥanafī Ḥaqqī’s Hayden White Hegel Hegel’s philosophy Hegelian historian historiography Hourani human Ibid Ibn Khaldūn Ibrāhīm idea imperial intellectual history Islam Islamophobia Kant knowledge Lane’s language literary literature logic London Muḥammad Muqaddima Muslim narrative nationalist nineteenth nineteenth-century novel one’s Orientalism orientalist ottoman ottoman Empire Oxford Philosophy of History political postcolonial question Qur’ān reference relationship religion Said’s Samir Amin scholars scholarship secular Shawqī social theory of history thinking thought tion tradition trans understanding University West Western Europe writing of history