The author asserts in this text that Islamic fundamentalism is a reactive challenge to modern civilizations and political structures, which has arisen in defence to encroachments of both, Western capitalism and the various manifestations of communism. In this revised edition of the work a definition of Islamic fundamentalism is given that links its connotations to the historical background of Muslim traditions. An expanded chapter dealing with contemporary Islamist movements such as Hamas, the Algerian Islamist Salvation Front (FIS), the Egyptian Islamist Associations and Hizbullah in Lebanon, has also been included.
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Islam and Islamic Revivalism
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Ahmad al-Afghani al-Banna al-Mawdudi Arab nationalism Arabia authority Ba'th Ba'th Party became believers Caliphate capitalism Carrel century civilization concept Consequently constitution cultural democracy divine doctrine dominated economic Egypt Egyptian elite emergence European forces God's groups Hasan Hasan al-Banna Hence historians human Ibn Khaldun ideology Imam independence Indian Indonesia industrial institutions intellectual Iran Iraq Islamic countries Islamic radicalism Islamic reformism Islamic reformists Islamic revivalism Islamic world jahiliyya jihad Khumayni landowners leaders leadership liberal Mahdi Marxism Mawdudi Meccan military modern Moreover movement Muhammad Abduh mujtahid Muslim Brethren Muslim Brotherhood Mustafa Nasser nationalist organization Ottoman particular phase policies political parties programme Prophet Qur'an Qur'anic verses Qutb's radicalist regime religion religious result revivalist revolution revolutionary rule ruler Salah Jadid Sayyid Qutb secular Shah shari'a Shi'ite social socialist society sovereignty struggle Sufi Sufi orders Sukarno Syrian traditional Twelver ulama Urabi revolt urban vanguard Vol.II Western