Issue Politics in Congress
Do representatives and senators respond to the critiques raised by their challengers? This study, one of the first to explore how legislators' experiences as candidates shape their subsequent behavior as policy makers, demonstrates that they do. Winning legislators regularly take up their challengers' priority issues from the last campaign and act on them in office, a phenomenon called 'issue uptake'. This attentiveness to their challengers' issues reflects a widespread and systematic yet largely unrecognized mode of responsiveness in the US Congress, but it is one with important benefits for the legislators who undertake it and for the health and legitimacy of the representative process. This book provides fresh insight into questions regarding the electoral connection in legislative behavior, the role of campaigns and elections, and the nature and quality of congressional representation.
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A Theory of Issue Uptake
The Nature of Campaign and Legislative Agendas
Who Responds? Explaining Individual Variation in Uptake
4a Relationship between Vulnerability and Uptake
8a Vulnerability and Uptake for Very Safe Representatives
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105th Congresses aggregate analyses assess bills and resolutions campaign themes candidates Challenger Vote Share challenger-themed activities challenger's themes chambers Chapter coefficients Congress congressional constituents cosponsors cosponsorships dependent variable Dick Williams differences dummy variables effect election electoral selection electoral vulnerability engage in uptake explore floor statements focus focusing Frank Riggs George Sangmeister Graham House and Senate hypothesis ideological extremity impact of uptake important increase incumbents individual legislators influence interest introductions issues J. D. Hayworth John Danforth Larry LaRocco legislative activity legislative behavior legislator's levels of responsiveness levels of uptake linkages measures non-challenger-themed overlap patterns percent Peter Hoagland Peter Torkildsen Policy activities potential predictions priority themes races reelection relationship between vulnerability relatively safe representation representatives and senators roll call voting safer legislators Senate sample studies term tion total number uptake activity uptake behavior uptake counts uptake levels uptake rates variation in uptake vulnerability and uptake vulnerable legislators winners