Issues and Dilemmas of Biotechnology: A Reference Guide

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 1999 - Science - 205 pages

Recent advances in biotechnology in areas as diverse as agriculture, the environment, food, and healthcare have led to much debate and media attention. This unique reference resource for advanced high school students and teachers explores the science behind these new technologies and examines the stakeholders and their stakes in the various debates. The author presents views of scientists, doctors, insurance companies, and big businesses, among others, on such issues as genetic testing, patenting of human gene sequences, cloning, and genetically engineered food.

Each chapter addresses a specific issue with the goals of helping readers understand all the different ways biotechnology is being explored and implemented in our lives today, as well as to critically perceive the arguments being made concerning these issues. Students will learn there is more to biotechnology than cloning sheep, that it is also used for such purposes as making cheese and beer. Each topic is presented as a Case Study describing of a range of technologies and a diversity of stakeholders that will allow users to draw their own conclusions. This introduction to the technologies and the debates surrounding them also encourages students to take advantage of the many available sources for further research, particularly on the Internet.

 

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Contents

The Origins of Biotechnology A Primer on the Science and Beginnings of Its Regulations
1
The Asilomar Conference of 1975
15
Patenting of Life Chakrabarty General Electric the Patent Office and the Supreme Court
25
The Release of a Genetically Engineered Microorganism
37
Corn Genetically Engineered with an Insecticide
45
Bovine Growth Hormone a Dairy Farmer and Ice Cream Suits
63
The Human Genome Project
75
Genetic Testing for Risk Assessment for Disease
99
Gene Therapy Magic Bullet or Hype?
125
Forensic DNA Testing and Databanking Basics of DNA Fingerprinting
145
Cloning of a Mammal
161
Internet Sites for Issues and Dilemmas of Biotechnology
187
Selected Bibliography
193
Index
195
Copyright

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About the author (1999)

BERNICE SCHACTER is a biotechnology consultant and visiting professor at Wesleyan University.

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