"It is what Holds Us Together as a People": A History of the Ak-Chin Indian Community

Front Cover
ProQuest, 2009 - 287 pages
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As Native peoples of what later became the American Southwest, the O'odham faced colonization by explorers and missionaries in New Spain's northern frontier, which continued to influence their religious beliefs. Eventually, O'odham land became part of the Republic of Mexico until the Gadsden Purchase caused further shirting of political boundaries with the region's occupation by the United States. For much of the twentieth century, the Ak-Chin people struggled over maintaining their farmland and water as a result of the rapid arrival of many non-Native occupants to the area just south of Phoenix and Maricopa. The formal struggle lasted over twenty years, culminating with the negotiation of the first water rights settlement between a Native community and the United States. In turn, that success motivated other accomplishments, including the U.S.'s first eco-museum. Ultimately, the community renewed its sense of identity, perseverance to survive, and maintenance of tradition in a rapidly changing and modernizing world.
 

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Contents

LIST OF FIGURES
1
Figure Page 1 Harrahs AkChin Casino
2
Map of Arizonas Indian Reservations 1996
3
Landscape around AkChin Indian Community
6
Extract from Map of Portion of Southern Arizona
9
Shrine at Miguel Family Land
22
Young girl at Ak Chin on the day of San Juan Festival
28
Sage on a shell signs of a traditional blessing
33
AkChin work gang
114
Map of AkChin cultivation 1937
115
Pima agency children with baskets
118
Pima Club at Phoenix Indian School 1934
122
St Johns Mission School
126
CHAPTER Page
128
Early source of water
133
Ocotillo Fence at AkChin
142

Young girls in the AkChin San Juan Festival
36
Traditional singers at San Juan
37
Reconstruction of an Oodham home
46
Basket dancers at the AkChin
47
Sally Antone demonstrating basket making
49
Oodham women playing toka
55
Site of old AkChin San Juan Shrine
58
Franciscan coat of arms
66
San Xavier del Bac mission
67
Interior of Mission San Xavier
69
Statue at San Xavier of Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha
70
Statue of family saints
71
AkChin St Francis Catholic Church
73
Interior of AkChin St Francis Catholic Church
75
Phillip Miguel skins a rabbit
78
Food preparation at AkChin
80
Chicken scratch waila and dancers
82
Mural in interior of AkChin St Francis Catholic Church
83
AkChin Community Gathering
85
Amos Smith on top of the horse drawn wagon
88
AkChin children by an adobe home
97
Justin Paul Home
100
Joseph Thomas planting cotton
104
Map of AkChin original executive order reservation land base
109
AkChin family farm plot allotments
112
An old farm vehicle
143
Map of Ak Chin Project
145
Thomas Pablo Home
146
Maricopa Indian Reservation Irrigation Wells Leased Land
149
AkChin Farms machinery
151
Children at AkChin
158
AkChin farmland
162
Leona Kakar Farm Board Chairman
167
Sign pointing to AkChin Farms
172
Canal going through AkChin
174
Map of AkChin Industrial Park
175
Map of AkChin HimDak EcoMuseum
179
Design session at AkChin HimDak EcoMuseum
191
Head Start children making handprints
193
Only sign to EcoMuseum
197
AkChin HimDak ramada and ecomuseum
199
AkChin Him Dak EcoMuseum front second picture
200
AkChin Him Dak EcoMuseum stairs
203
AkChin Him Dak seal
205
AkChin Him Dak observation deck
207
Elaine Peters Director of EcoMuseum
210
Models of AkChin homes
213
Joseph Smith 2009
217
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