Italy: ensuring regulatory quality across levels of government
OECD, Nov 9, 2007 - Business & Economics - 129 pages
In recent years Italy has moved towards greater devolution of regulatory powers at regional level, in a European context where this dimension becomes increasingly important. Italy is also strengthening the competitiveness of its economy and reducing red tape in order to sustain renewed economic growth. Multi-layered regulatory systems may create complex institutional settings, which, in turn, call for appropriate consultation and communication strategies to ensure policy coherence, clarity, and accountability. Italy has established several conferences that facilitate dialogue with the state. Capacities for quality regulation tend to differ across regions, with different statutes and provisions, as well as an uneven recourse to regulatory impact analysis, or administrative simplification. Significant efforts have been undertaken to encourage the use of better information and communication technologies. However, strengthening the legal framework in terms of clarity, transparency of procedures and access to the market, would help to promote transparency and competition and to improve the economic performance of Italian regions. This was also highlighted in a sectoral analysis that focused on retail trade and local metropolitan transport in some of these regions. Italy has requested a review by the OECD of its regulatory practices and reforms from a multi-level perspective. This review analyses first the institutional set-up for multi-level regulation, the specifics of power sharing between the State and the regions, as well as the horizontal and vertical co-ordination mechanisms in place in the country, before turning to the use of policy instruments and regulatory tools in four Italian regions: Veneto, Calabria, Campania and Tuscany. In the same series: Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Netherlands,Norway, Poland, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States
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Abruzzo Action Plan Administrative Procedure Law administrative simplification agreements areas Asstra autonomy Basilicata Calabria capacity challenges citizens and businesses co-operation co-ordination mechanisms Competition Authority Conference of cantonal Consiglio Constitutional Court consultation decentralisation decisions different levels drafting economic efforts Emilia Romagna established European Union federal FORMEZ functions high quality regulation Impact Analysis RIA impact assessment implementation institutional integrate Inter-regional Legislative Observatory Interregionale introduced involved issues Italian Constitution Italian regions Italy law proposals laws and regulations legal production legislative activity levels of government multi-level governance national level normative number of laws OECD OECD countries organisation participate Piemonte principles programme promote provides provinces Public Administration quality of regulation reduce reform Regional Council Regional Executive regional laws regional level regional statutes Regulatory Impact Analysis regulatory impact assessment regulatory policy regulatory powers regulatory process regulatory tools Report responsibilities retail trade sector specific technical Transport in Campania Tuscany Umbria Unified Conference Veneto