Jaina Community: A Social Survey

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Popular Prakashan, 1980 - Social Science - 455 pages
 

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Contents

CHAPTER
1
RuralUrban Distribution of Jaina Population
16
Age Distribution of Jaina Population
22
332
24
Statement showing the number per 10000 of
30
XI
31
and Civil Condition of 10000 of each Sex
44
SOCIAL DIVISIONS IN THE JAINA COMMUNITY
63
Institution of Bhattāraka
317
Origin of Castes
322
Jainas in Ascetic Stage
323
Religious Disabilities
324
Widow Remarriage
325
Polygyny
326
Number of Criminals 26 Castes and Social Reform
327
Castes and Temples
328

Jaina Caste System
73
Jaina Castes in the North
81
Jaina Castes in the Deccan
92
Jaina Castes in the South
100
Names of 84 castes in the Jaina Community
108
Names of castes in the Jaina Community from
117
Names of Digambara Jaina castes and subcastes
124
Names of gotras found among Agaravāla Jainas
131
MARRIAGE AND POSITION OF WOMAN
137
The Position of Woman
167
142
186
Language and Literature
263
Jaina Institutions
265
265
284
CHAPTER 6
289
THE WORKING MODEL 239
291
308
296
Sangha Gana Gachchha and Śākhā
299
The Castes and SubCastes 8 Population and Distribution of Castes
300
Interrelations of Castes
302
Hierarchical Organisation of Castes
304
Caste Panchayatas
305
Caste Feasts
308
Jaina and Hindu Castes
309
Rules of Endogamy and Exogamy
310
Castes and Charitable Institutions
312
Choice of Occupation 17 Caste and Education
314
Religious Sanction to Castes
316
The Family Deity 29 Migration of Families
331
38
340
44
346
Meaning of Jainism
347
Problem of Widows 44 Jaina Culture 45 General 340 341 342
349
49
353
310
358
CHAPTER 7
359
Achievements of Jainas
368
The Theory of Karma
375
Reasons for Survival of Jainas
377
Festivals and Fasts
381
Causes of Decline of Jainism
385
Present Problems and the Way Out 368 377 385
388
CHAPTER 8
405
Food and Drink
409
Copy of the Questionnaire issued
415
50
421
Bibliography
423
a Works in English Hindi Gujarati and Marathi b Works in Sanskrit and Prakrit
434
c Articles
435
d Journals Index 434 435
442
314
445
51
446
329
447
331
450
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