Janacek and His World

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Michael Beckerman
Princeton University Press, Aug 1, 2010 - Music - 328 pages
2 Reviews

Once thought to be a provincial composer of only passing interest to eccentrics, Leos Janácek (1854-1928) is now widely acknowledged as one of the most powerful and original creative figures of his time. Banned for all purposes from the Prague stage until the age of 62, and unable to make it even out of the provincial capital of Brno, his operas are now performed in dynamic productions throughout the globe. This volume brings together some of the world's foremost Janácek scholars to look closely at a broad range of issues surrounding his life and work. Representing the latest in Janácek scholarship, the essays are accompanied by newly translated writings by the composer himself.

The collection opens with an essay by Leon Botstein who clarifies and amplifies how Max Brod contributed to Janácek 's international success by serving as "point man" between Czechs and Germans, Jews and non-Jews. John Tyrrell, the dean of Janácek scholars, distills more than thirty years of research in "How Janácek Composed Operas," while Diane Paige considers Janácek's liason with a married woman and the question of the artist's muse. Geoffrey Chew places the idea of the adulterous muse in the larger context of Czech fin de sičcle decadence in his thoroughgoing consideration of Janácek's problematic opera Osud. Derek Katz examines the problems encountered by Janácek's satirically patriotic "Excursions of Mr. Broucek" in the post-World War I era of Czechoslovak nationalism, while Paul Wingfield mounts a defense of Janácek against allegations of cruelty in his wife's memoirs. In the final essay, Michael Beckerman asks how much true history can be culled from one of Janácek's business cards.

The book then turns to writings by Janácek previously unpublished in English. These not only include fascinating essays on Naturalism, opera direction, and Tristan and Isolde, but four impressionistic chronicles of the "speech melodies" of daily life. They provide insight into Janácek's revolutionary method of composition, and give us the closest thing we will ever have to the "heard" record of a Czech pre-war past-or any past, for that matter.

 

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Contents

The Land
3
Ten Hills Farm
21
Possession
36
The Immigrant
51
The Kings Forester
53
Favors to the Few
62
Happy Instruments to Enlarge Our Dominions
80
Slavers of the North
97
Homecoming
156
The Benefactor
167
Luxury on the Grandest Scale
183
The Petitioner
195
We Shall Not Be Slaves
197
Within the Bowels of a Free Country
206
Death Is Not the Worst of Evils
215
Reparations
228

Come Up in the Night with Them
102
You May Own Negroes and Negresses
116
The Master
123
Antigua
125
Crime Punishment and Compensation
145
City upon a Hill
239
Afterword Letter from Antigua
257
Note to Readers
267
Acknowledgments
305
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About the author (2010)

Michael Beckerman is Professor of Music at New York University. His books include " Janacek as Theorist" (Pendragon), " Janacek and Czech Music" (Pendragon) "Dvorak and His World" (Princeton), and "New Worlds of Dvorak" (Norton). He writes on music for the "New York Times", was awarded the Janacek Medal by the Czech Government, and is a laureate of the Czech Music Council..

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