Japan: Progress in Implementing Regulatory Reform
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Jan 1, 2004 - Business & Economics - 111 pages
Regulatory Reform in Japan was among the first in a series of in-depth country reviews on regulatory reform. Since 1999, when the review was published, the Japanese government has introduced a number of measures to enhance regulatory quality and to promote regulatory reform, competition policy and market openness. This publication assesses the progress made, identifies some of the lessons that can be learned about the implementation process and indicates what more can be done in light of current challenges. The monitoring exercise covers the core issues of capacity for regulatory quality, competition and market openness. This study updates information about competition policy in Japan, and such trade-related matters as internationally harmonised measures and conformity assessment processes. It calls attention to the linkages between regulatory policies and tools, and the application of competition and market-openness principles. Innovative efforts, such as the Special Zones initiative, also receive attention. The overall concern is how further progress on regulatory reform can enhance Japan's growth potential. The report brings out many of the lessons of implementation, which take account of the specificities of the Japanese context, but can be of wider value in other countries as well. What began in the 1990s as an effort to remove regulatory barriers is gaining momentum. Regulatory reform is a dynamic process aimed at improving regulatory tools and institutions, reassessing existing regulations in light of current economic and social developments, and assessing the impact of new regulations while they are in preparation. These tasks call for a whole-of-government approach, which is one of the main challenges for Japan's next three-year Programme for Regulatory Reform.
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Government Capacity to Assure High Quality Regulation
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action adjusting regulations administrative guidance Administrative Procedure agreements applied areas bid rigging Cabinet Office cartels co-operation co-ordination competition law competition policy comprehensive conformity assessment consultation consumer Council criminal criteria decisions deregulation domestic economic effective efforts eliminating enforcement enhance ensure entry established ex ante exemption Fair Trade Commission firms foreign FTC's Government of Japan guidelines implementation important improve increase independent industry institutions international standards issues Japanese government Japanese regulatory system Keidanren market openness measures merger METI ministries and agencies monitoring MPHPT no-action letters OECD countries organisations potential Prime Minister principles progress Promotion of Regulatory proposals Public Comment Procedure reduce Reform in Japan Regulatory Impact Analysis regulatory policy regulatory quality Regulatory Reform Programme requirements responsibility RIA system sanctions sector significant social regulation Special Zones programme strengthen Structural Reform supply-demand surcharge telecommunications telecoms Three-Year violations Zones for Structural