Japan's dual civil society: members without advocates
This book provides an overview of the state of Japan's civil society and a new theory, based on political institutions, to explain why Japan differs so much from other industrialized democracies. It offers a new interpretation of why Japan's civil society has developed as it has, with many small, local groups but few large, professionally managed national organizations. The book further asks what the consequences of that pattern of development are for Japan's policy and politics. The author persuasively demonstrates that political institutions—the regulatory framework, financial flows, and the political opportunity structure—are responsible for this pattern, with the result that civil groups have little chance of influencing national policy debates. The phenomenon of “members without advocates” thus has enormous implications for democratic participation in Japan.
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Japans Civil Society in Comparative
The Regulatory Framework
Neighborhood Associations and Local
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AARP advocacy groups areas argument Article 34 Asahi Shinbun Bestor budget bureaucrats Chapter Chounaikai Citizens Activities citizens groups civil code civil society groups civil society organizations Coalition NPO Team corporations democracy Diet member discussed dual civil society environmental example explanation Foundation Frontier Party gain legal status governing parties groups in Japan Hanshin earthquake houjin Ibaraki Prefecture important influence interest legal persons issues Japan's civil society Japanese Keidanren Kumashiro LDP's legislation Mainichi Shinbun members without advocates membership Ministry Musashino City National Tax Agency neighborhood associations NGOs NHAs Nihon Keizai Shinbun nonprofit sector NPO law NPO legal persons number of employees number of groups organizational pattern Pekkanen percent PILPs political institutional politicians Prefecture professional public interest legal reform regulations regulatory framework Sakigake social capital society in Japan staff tion Tokyo Tsujinaka United volunteers Yomiuri Shinbun
Politics and Volunteering in Japan: A Global Perspective
Mary Alice Haddad
Limited preview - 2007