Japanese Architecture as a Collaborative Process: Opportunities in a Flexible Construction Culture

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Taylor & Francis, 2001 - Architecture - 182 pages
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Architects throughout the world hold Japan's best architecture in high regard, considering the country's buildings among the world's most carefully crafted and innovative. While many books, magazines, and exhibitions have focused on the results of architectural practice in Japan, this book is the first to explain the reasons for Japan's remarkable structures. Architecture does not occur in isolation; Japan's architects are able to collaborate with a wide variety of people from professional consultants to constructors.
Dana Buntrock discusses architecture as a part of the construction community, moving from historical precedents that predate the emergence of the architectural profession in Japan through to contemporary practices.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Histoncal precedents
6
Craft in early modem Japan l15901868
7
The problem of style
9
A challenge to traditional trades
13
Design in the nineteenth century
16
The emergence of architectural practice
19
Education and the professions 23 The university
23
Shonandai Bunka Center
102
The architect and industry
105
Implications in architecture
108
Lead users in collaborative design
112
Being flexible within clear boundarles
117
Genuine drawbacks of collaborative methods
119
Working with customization
120
Ancient equipment
123

The office
25
Transfernng knowledge from the university
31
Architectural practice today
33
Four models of design development
34
Leading architects as lead users
39
A cluster of innovations
41
The roots of collaborative practice
47
Design teams
48
Linkages between professionals
51
Team players
54
Building cooparative teams
58
Tradeouts
60
Working in the midst of construction
62
Collaborators and competitors
72
Consultants and constructors in alliance
78
Sejimas shopping
81
Innovating through team effort
84
Selecting subcontractors
91
The benefits of oligopoly
93
Two paths to customization 100 Architects and craft
100
Avantgarde architecture in the public realm
128
Political support
131
Govemment support
132
Pressure to parform
134
The role of public commissions
135
Cronyism and descending from heaven
140
Riken Yamamoto and Saitama University
142
Legal issues 148 Contracts
148
Contracts in Japans legal and social community
151
Contracts in Japans architectural community
152
Political economists justification for incomplete contracts
154
Covenng the costs of liability and negligence
157
The judicial system
159
Discouraging litigation
162
Sendai Mediatheque in cnsis
164
Conclusion
169
Increasingly innovative
171
Leaming from Japan
173
Index
177
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About the author (2001)

Dana Buntrock is an assistant professor at the University of California, Berkeley.

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