Jews in Italy Under Fascist and Nazi Rule, 1922-1945

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Cambridge University Press, Jun 27, 2005 - History - 374 pages
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The Jews of Italy under Fascist and Nazi Rule, 1922-1945 brings to light the Italian-Jewish experience from the start of Mussolini's prime ministership through the end of the Second World War. Challenging the myth of Italian benevolence during the Fascist period, the authors investigate the treatment of Jews by Italians during the Holocaust, and the native versus foreign roots of Italian fascist anti-Semitism. Each essay in this volume each illustrates a different aspect of Italian Jewry under Fascist and Nazi rule. Areas of inquiry include the role of the Catholic Church with special reference to Pope Pius XII, Mussolini's attitude and anti-Jewish policies leading to the onset of the 1938 Italian racial laws, and the Italian popular reactions to anti-Jewish persecution. Included also is an examination of cover images and articles from the Italian racist newspaper La Difesa della Razza intended to lay bare the influence of the Italian media on the general Italian public.
 

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It is refreshing to read a comprehensive and penetrating review of multifaceted views of the history of persecution of the Jews in Italy and Germany.
It is possible that many Italian people who
had undergone much tragedy throughout history recognized and did not relish a position of persecution on selected peoples.
Many jews and many Italians were in the same boat with regard to survival. Many too were warped by ambition and violence. They went along with the ruination and destruction of others in their own interest and ignorance.
In my opinion humankind needs to take an enlightened look at who and what their leaders are advocating. We need to take an honest look at authoritarian leaders and their methods to gain or regain control. We need to stop them by other methods than destruction and war..
This author has contributed much in articulating and making clearer those processes. I thank him.
 

Selected pages

Contents

The Double Bind of Italian Jews Acceptance and Assimilation
19
Italian Jewish Identity from the Risorgimento to Fascism 18481938
35
Mussolini and the Jews on the Eve of the March on Rome
55
RISE OF RACIAL PERSECUTION
69
Characteristics and Objectives of the AntiJewish Racial Laws in Fascist Italy 19381943
71
The Exclusion of Jews from Italian Academies
81
The Damage to Italian Culture The Fate of Jewish University Professors in Fascist Italy and After 19381946
96
Building a Racial State Images of the Jew in the Illustrated Fascist Magazine La Difesa della Razza 19381943
114
The Shoah in Italy Its History and Characteristics
209
The Mollhausen Telegram the Kappler Decodes and the Deportation of the Jews of Rome The New CIAOSS Documents 20002002
224
The Persecution of Jews in Two Regions of GermanOccupied Northern Italy 19431945 Operationszone Alpenvorland and Operationszone Adriatisch...
243
THE VATICAN AND THE HOLOCAUST IN ITALY
263
The Papal Response to Nazi and Fascist AntiSemitism From Pius XI to Pius XII
265
Pius XII and the Rescue of Jews in Italy Evidence of a Papal Directive
287
AFTERMATH CONTEMPORARY ITALY AND HOLOCAUST MEMORY
309
The Rescued and the Rescuers in Private and Public Memories
311

The Impact of AntiJewish Legislation on Everyday Life and the Response of Italian Jews 19381943
158
The Children of Villa Emma at Nonantola
182
AntiJewish Persecution and Italian Society
199
CATASTROPHE THE GERMAN OCCUPATION 19431945
207
Return of the Repressed Italian Film and Holocaust Memory
321
The Secret Histories of Roberto Benignis Life Is Beautiful
330
Index
351
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Page 14 - Of course there are no pure races left; not even the Jews have kept their blood unmingled. Successful crossings have often promoted the energy and the beauty of a nation.
Page 13 - Commissione per la ricostruzione delle vicende che hanno caratterizzato in Italia le attivitą di acquisizione dei beni dei cittadini ebrei da parte di organismi pubblici e privati, Rapporto generale, Roma 2001, p.

References to this book

About the author (2005)

Joshua D. Zimmerman is associate professor of history and the Eli and Diana Zborowski Professorial Chair in Interdisciplinary Holocaust Studies at Yeshiva University in New York City. He is the author of Poles, Jews and the Politics of Nationality: the Bund and the Polish Socialist Party in Late Tsarist Russia, 1892-1914 (2004), and editor of Contested Memories: Poles and Jews during the Holocaust and its Aftermath (2003).

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