Job Queues, Gender Queues: Explaining Women's Inroads Into Male Occupations

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Temple University Press, 2009 - Business & Economics - 402 pages
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Since 1970, women have made widely publicized gains in several customarily male occupations. Many commentators have understood this apparent integration as an important step to sexual equality in the workplace. Barbara F. Reskin and Patricia A. Roos read a different lesson in the changing gender composition of occupations that were traditionally reserved for men. With persuasive evidence, Job Queues, Gender Queues offers a controversial interpretation of women's dramatic inroads into several male occupations based on case studies of "feminizing" male occupation. The authors propose and develop a queuing theory of occupations' sex composition. This theory contends that the labor market comprises a "gender queue" with employers preferring male to female workers for most jobs. Workers also rank jobs into a "job queue." As a result, the highest-ranked workers monopolize the most desirable jobs. Reskin and Roos use this queuing perspective to explain why several male occupations opened their doors to women after 1970. The second part of the book provides evidence for this queuing analysis by presenting case studies of the feminization of specific occupations. These include book editor, pharmacist, public relations specialist, bank manager, systems analyst, insurance adjuster, insurance salesperson, real estate salesperson, bartender, baker, and typesetter/compositor.
 

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Contents

Occupational Sex Segregation Persistence and Change
3
Queueing and Changing Occupational Composition
29
Consequences of Desegregation Occupational Integration and Economic Equity?
69
Case Studies of Occupational Change
91
Culture Commerce and Gender The Feminization of Book Editing Barbara F Reskin
93
Industrial and Occupational Change in Pharmacy Prescription for Feminization Polly A Phipps
111
Keepers of the Corporate Image Women in Public Relations Katharine M Donato
129
High Finance Small Change Womens Increased Representation in Bank Management Chloe E Bird
145
Women behind Bars The Feminization of Bartending Linda A Detman
241
Baking and Baking Off Deskilling and the Changing Sex Makeup of Bakers Thomas Steiger Barbara F Reskin
257
HotMetal to Electronic Composition Gender Technology and Social Change Patricia A Roos
275
Conclusion
299
Summary Implications and Prospects
301
Guidelines Used for Occupational Case Studies
325
References
331
Name Index
371

Programming for Change? The Growing Demand for Women Systems Analysts Katharine M Donato
167
Womens Gains in Insurance Sales Increased Supply Uncertain Demand Barbara J Thomas
183
A Womans Place Is Selling Homes Occupational Change and the Feminization of Real Estate Sales Barbara J Thomas Barbara F Reskin
205
Occupational Resegregation among Insurance Adjusters and Examiners Polly A Phipps
225
Subject Index
374
About the Authors
387
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Page 17 - Other financial officers Management analysts Personnel, training, and labor relations specialists Buyers, wholesale and retail trade, except farm products...
Page 8 - Professional, technical and kindred workers Managers, officials, and proprietors Clerical and kindred workers Sales...

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About the author (2009)

Barbara Reskin received her PhD in 1973 from the University of Washington. After spending two decades in Big-Ten Universities, she moved to Harvard University. She has written six books and several dozen articles and chapters about gender and race inequality in the workplace, sex segregation, discrimination, and affirmative action. She has served as an expert witness in employment discrimination litigation, and consulted with organizations on issues related to gender and work. She has lectured widely on her research, both in the U.S. and abroad. Barbara has served on the Board of Overseers of the General Social Survey and on several National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council Committees. She is past President of the American Sociological Association. She has received several awards, including the Cheryl Miller-Sociologists for Women in Society Lecturership, the SWS Mentorship Award, the Distinguished Scholar Award of the ASA Section on Sex and Gender. She has been a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences and is a fellow of the American Association of Arts and Sciences.

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