Job Queues, Gender Queues: Explaining Women's Inroads Into Male Occupations
Since 1970, women have made widely publicized gains in several customarily male occupations. Many commentators have understood this apparent integration as an important step to sexual equality in the workplace. Barbara F. Reskin and Patricia A. Roos read a different lesson in the changing gender composition of occupations that were traditionally reserved for men. With persuasive evidence, Job Queues, Gender Queues offers a controversial interpretation of women's dramatic inroads into several male occupations based on case studies of "feminizing" male occupation. The authors propose and develop a queuing theory of occupations' sex composition. This theory contends that the labor market comprises a "gender queue" with employers preferring male to female workers for most jobs. Workers also rank jobs into a "job queue." As a result, the highest-ranked workers monopolize the most desirable jobs. Reskin and Roos use this queuing perspective to explain why several male occupations opened their doors to women after 1970. The second part of the book provides evidence for this queuing analysis by presenting case studies of the feminization of specific occupations. These include book editor, pharmacist, public relations specialist, bank manager, systems analyst, insurance adjuster, insurance salesperson, real estate salesperson, bartender, baker, and typesetter/compositor.
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Consequences of Desegregation Occupational Integration and Economic Equity?
Case Studies of Occupational Change
Culture Commerce and Gender The Feminization of Book Editing Barbara F Reskin
Industrial and Occupational Change in Pharmacy Prescription for Feminization Polly A Phipps
Keepers of the Corporate Image Women in Public Relations Katharine M Donato
High Finance Small Change Womens Increased Representation in Bank Management Chloe E Bird
Women behind Bars The Feminization of Bartending Linda A Detman
Baking and Baking Off Deskilling and the Changing Sex Makeup of Bakers Thomas Steiger Barbara F Reskin
HotMetal to Electronic Composition Gender Technology and Social Change Patricia A Roos
Summary Implications and Prospects
Guidelines Used for Occupational Case Studies
Programming for Change? The Growing Demand for Women Systems Analysts Katharine M Donato
Womens Gains in Insurance Sales Increased Supply Uncertain Demand Barbara J Thomas
A Womans Place Is Selling Homes Occupational Change and the Feminization of Real Estate Sales Barbara J Thomas Barbara F Reskin
Occupational Resegregation among Insurance Adjusters and Examiners Polly A Phipps
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adjusters and examiners affirmative-action agents American American Sociological Association attractive bake-off bakers baking bank management bartending brokers Bureau of Labor Census changes claims clerical commercial companies composing room declined demand deskilling economic editors emotional labor employed employers employment federal feminizing occupations firms gender growth hire women industry insurance adjusters insurance sales interviewed job queues labor force labor market labor queue Labor Statistics less male jobs male occupations male workers managerial men's National newspaper number of women occu occupation's Occupational Outlook Handbook occupations we studied OFCCP operators opportunities Percent Female pharmacists phototypesetting positions production professional programs public relations specialists publishing QWERTY real earnings real estate sales recruit residential Reskin role salespersons sector selling sex composition sex segregation skills specialties stereotypes Strober systems analysts Table tion traditionally typesetters and compositors typesetting U.S. Bureau U.S. Department union wages women's entry women's increased women's representation workforce
Page 17 - Other financial officers Management analysts Personnel, training, and labor relations specialists Buyers, wholesale and retail trade, except farm products...
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