Job Stability Among Young Women: A Comparison of Traditional and Nontraditional Occupations
"This Note, which originally appeared in the American Journal of Sociology, v. 92, no. 3, Nov. 1986, explores young women's retention in sex-atypical jobs in the military and in civilian firms. It develops hypotheses about the effects on one-year turnover of sex composition of the occupation in the national labor force. These hypotheses were drawn from several theoretical perspectives on career mobility and the effects of out-group membership on acceptance. Tests of these hypotheses, using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth Labor Market Behavior, provide no evidence that being in a nontraditional occupation increases the chances that a young woman will leave her current employer. The military sector shows a more complex relationship between occupational typicality and women's exit from the services."--Rand abstracts.
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1980 interview active duty analysis attitudes attrition baseline survey Blau career census threeidigit occupation civilian counterpart civilian employers civilian firms civilian jobs civilian labor force civilian sector co-workers COOEE current job educational aspirations EECAEIE Eespondent's branch Eespondent's census threeidigit enlistment contract exit factor analysis FEMALE OCC Ford Foundation gender Hispanic hypotheses independent variables job characteristics job traditionality leave the military Locus of control Logistics male and female MALE OCC military and civilian military occupations mismatch models of turnover national labor force National Longitudinal Survey negative effect nontraditional occupations one-year period percentage female probability of turnover proportion female RAND RAND Corporation sample sex composition sex segregation sex typicality sex-typical Sociological tion tionally male tradi traditionally female jobs traditionally female occupations traditionally male jobs traditionally male occupations turnover for women turnover rates WOEE women in nontraditional women in traditionally workers young women