John Henry Newman: The Challenge to Evangelical Religion

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Yale University Press, 2002 - Biography & Autobiography - 740 pages

One of the most controversial religious figures of the nineteenth century, John Henry Newman (1801–1890) began his career as a priest in the Church of England but converted to the Roman Catholic Church in 1845. He became a cardinal in 1879.

Between 1833 and 1845 Newman, now best known for his autobiographical Apologia Pro Vita Sua and The Idea of a University, was the aggressive leader of the Tractarian Movement within Oxford University. Newman, along with John Keble, Richard Hurrell Froude, and E. B. Pusey, launched an uncompromising battle against the dominance of evangelicalism in early Victorian religious life. By 1845 Newman’s radically outspoken views had earned him censure from Oxford authorities and sharp criticism from the English bishops.

Departing from previous interpretations, Turner portrays Newman as a disruptive and confused schismatic conducting a radical religious experiment. Turner demonstrates that Newman’s passage to Rome largely resulted from family quarrels, thwarted university ambitions, the inability to control his followers, and his desire to live in a community of celibate males.

 

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John Henry Newman: the challenge to evangelical religion

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A complex leader in the early 19th-century Church of England and at Oxford, John Henry Newman (1801-90) converted to Catholicism in 1845, became a cardinal in 1879, and is currently being considered ... Read full review

Contents

The Evangelical Impulse
24
Men in Motion John Keble Richard Hurrell Froude Edward Bouverie Pusey
65
John Henry Newman and the Call to Obedience
110
What the Early Tracts Said
162
The Hampden Case
207
The Assault on the Protestant
255
The Pursuit of the Catholic
293
Proving Cannon
353
In Schism with All Christendom
404
Monks Miracles and Popery
474
Endgame
527
Paths Taken and Not
587
Abbreviations
643
Notes
645
Index
725
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About the author (2002)

Frank M. Turner is John Hay Whitney Professor of History at Yale University.

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