Josephus and Judaean Politics

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BRILL, 1990 - History - 257 pages
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This synthetic treatment of Josephus and his times has two aims. The first is to establish Josephus' attitudes to the various Judaean aristocratic groups of the first century - priests, descendants of Herod, certain sectarians - and how these attitudes changed. The second aim is more speculative: to connect these changes with actual changes in Judaean politics and society in the c. 30 years of Josephus' literary activity, a critical period of transformation following the destruction of Jerusalem.
The first chapter examines Josephus' life from his detection to Vespasian, and suggests that Josephus always retained an interest in current public affairs, particularly those of Judaea. Chapters 2-4 discuss the changes of attitude within the Josephan corpus and place them in the context of the evidence of the coins, inscriptions, Rabbinic literature and pagan historians. It is argued that these changes allow us to trace the decline of the pre-66 aristocracy groups after 70. Chapter 5 argues that there arose a new aristocracy in the 80s and 90s, a rise which left its mark in Josephus' later work.
 

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Contents

Conclusion
21
Works Known to Josephus by the Publication of AJ 934
45
THE PRIESTHOOD
58
High Priests in BJ
82
Priests in Rabbinic Literature
96
HERODIANS AFTER 70
110
The Late Herodians in AJV
151
Conclusion
168
Pharisees in Josephus 172
199
NonJosephan Evidence for Judaean Politics after 70
216
CLASSICAL MATERIAL IN
223
INDEX OF PASSAGES
243
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About the author (1990)

Seth R. Schwartz is Junior Fellow, Society of Fellows, Harvard University. Publications: (joint author) Consuls of the Later Roman Empire (1987).

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