Josephus and Judaean Politics
This synthetic treatment of Josephus and his times has two aims. The first is to establish Josephus' attitudes to the various Judaean aristocratic groups of the first century - priests, descendants of Herod, certain sectarians - and how these attitudes changed. The second aim is more speculative: to connect these changes with actual changes in Judaean politics and society in the c. 30 years of Josephus' literary activity, a critical period of transformation following the destruction of Jerusalem.
The first chapter examines Josephus' life from his detection to Vespasian, and suggests that Josephus always retained an interest in current public affairs, particularly those of Judaea. Chapters 2-4 discuss the changes of attitude within the Josephan corpus and place them in the context of the evidence of the coins, inscriptions, Rabbinic literature and pagan historians. It is argued that these changes allow us to trace the decline of the pre-66 aristocracy groups after 70. Chapter 5 argues that there arose a new aristocracy in the 80s and 90s, a rise which left its mark in Josephus' later work.
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Works Known to Josephus by the Publication of AJ 934
High Priests in BJ
Priests in Rabbinic Literature
HERODIANS AFTER 70
The Late Herodians in AJV
accused Agrippa and Berenice Agrippa II AJ's Alexander Alexandria Ananias Ananus apologetic apparently Archelaus Aristobulus aristocrats authority Berenice biblical BJ's Claudius Cohen Commagene contrast court death deserters discussed Domitian early Elazar emperor evidence fact favor Flavian Flavius Josephus Florus Gaius Gamaliel Gamaliel II Greek Hasmonean Hebrew Herod of Chalcis Herodian Herodian high high priesthood high priests Holscher Hyrcanus important influence Israelites Jerusalem Jesus Jewish law Jews Josephus claims Judaea Judaism Justus Justus of Tiberias king king's later leaders Levites lower priests Macc material Matthias mentioned Mishnah Neusner Nicolas observance Palestine parallel passage perhaps Pharisees Philo political presumably priestly probably propaganda Rabbinic literature rebels reign reported revolt role Roman Rome Schalit Schurer-Vermes Schwartz seems sephus Simon speech story suggests Tarfon Temple Thackeray theme Tiberias tion Titus Tosefta tradition upper priests Vespasian Yavneh Yohanan Zealots