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accounts actual amount annual appear army audit average balance Bank births British budget capital causes cent charges close Commons companies compared condition cost credits deaths December departments districts divisions effect ended England English establishment estimates excess Exchequer exist expenditure expenses exports fact Females finance France French funds give given Government head hospitals important improvements increase interest Ireland issued Italy January June labour land less lines London Lower Males March marriages Mean miles minister months mortality natural navy nearly Notes officers paid Parliament payments period persons population practice present principle produce proportion quarter Quarter ended railways registered respect result returns Scotland September Society statistics supply Table taken Total town trade Treasury United Kingdom vessels vote week whole
263 ページ - In Scotland the lowest point of the circulation is in March, and the highest in November. The advance, however, between these two points is not uniform — for the highest of the intervening months is May, after which there is a slight reaction ; but it increases again until November, and falls off in December. The reason of the great increase in May and November is, that these are the seasons of making payments. The interest due on mortgages is then settled, annuities are then paid, the country...
11 ページ - Christmas day a premature posthumous son was born in England of such an extremely diminutive size, and apparently of so perishable a frame, that two women who were sent to Lady Pakenham at North Witham, to bring some medicine to strengthen him, did not expect to find him alive on their return.
610 ページ - English landowners, in the lirst vehement opposition to railways, acquired the habit of being bought off at high prices, and of exacting immense sums for imaginary damages. The first Eastern Counties line was said to have paid 12,000?. per mile for land through an agricultural country, being about ten times its real value. This habit of exaction has been perpetuated to our own day. As an...
228 ページ - The immense wealth of the Italian clergy has been greatly reduced since the year 1850, when the bill of Siccardi, annihilating ecclesiastical jurisdiction and the privileges of the clergy, passed the Sardinian chambers. This law was extended, in 1861, over the whole of the kingdom, and had the effect of rapidly diminishing the numbers as well as the incomes of the clergy.
263 ページ - July. A complete explanation of all these variations, pointing out how much is due to each particular cause, could only be founded on a wide basis of statistics, which do not exist. Much might, indeed...
643 ページ - Belgium and the United States. If the latter country is objected to on account of its rapid growth in population by immigration, still Belgium remains, exceeding the English rate of increase by 36 per cent. Look at the argument by induction. Here are four countries under the same conditions of civilization, and having access to the same mechanical powers and inventions, which far outstrip contemporary nations. It is a probable conclusion that the same great cause was the foundation of their success....
312 ページ - What capital does for production, is to afford the shelter, protection, tools and materials which the work requires, and to feed and otherwise maintain the labourers during the process.
643 ページ - I find, from the investigation through which we have travelled, that in every one of these four great examples, the rapid development of commerce has synchronised with an equal rapid development of railways — nay, that the development of commerce has been singularly in proportion to the increased mileage of railways— so that each expansion of the railway system has been immediately followed, as if by its shadow, by a great expansion of exports and imports.
599 ページ - ... would have been recounted as proofs of Roman energy and magnificence, and as introducing a new instrument of civilization, and creating a new epoch in the history of mankind. A similar triumph may fairly be claimed by Great Britain. The Romans were the great Road-makers of the ancient world — the English are the great Railroad-makers of the modern world. The tramway was an English invention, the locomotive was the production of English genius, and the first railways were constructed and carried...
610 ページ - ... probably have saved something like £20,000 per mile, or £8,000,000 sterling. The Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Company, even after deducting £1,000,000 for the docks of Grimsby, have spent £53,000 per mile. A flat country might have saved them a similar sum per mile, or £5,000,000 sterling. 4. England, as the inventor of railways, had to buy experience in their construction. Other nations have profited by it. There is no doubt that our present system of lines could now be made at...