Journalism in the Digital Era
Essay from the year 2009 in the subject Communications - Journalism, Journalism Professions, grade: 5,0/1,0, University of Helsinki (Communications), course: Nordic Media and Communication, language: English, comment: Das Finnische Notensystem geht von 5-1, wobei 5 die beste Note ist und 1 noch genugend ist dh eine 5 enspricht einer Schweizerischen 6 bzw. einder Deutschen 1., abstract: Finland belongs to a list of countries that Hallin and Mancini place in the group of the 'Democratic Cororatist' model. (quoted after Hovden 2009, p.149; Hujanen 2009, p. 2) The central elements of this group are high newspaper circulation, strong professionalism and state intervention. They rose from a history of "early democratization, consensus-based governments, a history of democratic corporatism and a strong welfare state." (quoted after Hovden 2009, p.149) These elements show clearly when taking a look at the Finnish history. Newspapers were born as political organs around 1900. 1917 Finland declared its independence and the welfare state has been built up until today. The era of newspapers as political organs ended only at the end of the 1990s and was followed by a non-political news policy. In combination to this change, in the 1950s the development of commercial media markets began and continues until today. One of the consequences of this was that the newspapers owned by media chains have to fulfil profit expectations. (Hujanen 2009, p.2) Finland has had different media eras, but the question is which cycle we are experiencing now? The media landscapes everywhere are moving, being discussed and worried about- therefore it might be the 'era of change and challenges'. Like Ann Axelsson says, "the only certainty in our industry [the newspaper industry, A/N] is the incertitude." (Das Magazin 2009)
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active citizens approach audience fragmentation Autumn 2009 Essay Background information become active brand business world central CEO’s Challenges faced Changes and challenges Communication Autumn 2009 concepts convergence create a public cultural Das Magazin 2009 decreasing readership democratic developments dialogue different media digital era Challenges discussion economic element editors elite encourage active entertainment everyday expectations faced within Finnish fast food Finnish journalistic focuses gatekeeper grassroots journalism GRIN Verlag Helsinki Hujanen Hyperlinks idealistic important influence interactive features internet platforms issues journalistic work Nina Jyrkiäinen 2004 keyword Magazin market-oriented Media and Communication media chains media landscapes media market media production media world newspaper companies newspaper journalist Nina Ratavaara Nordic Media offline overall goal participate printed newspapers professional profit public sphere quoted after Hovden readers reading patterns relevance role seems she/he situation in Finland social societal subscribe subscription take pictures technologies today’s traditions videos writing younger