Judahite Burial Practices and Beliefs about the Dead
The family tomb as a physical claim to the patrimony, the attributed powers of the dead and the prospect of post-mortem veneration made the cult of the dead an integral aspect of the Judahite and Israelite society. Over 850 burials from throughout the southern Levant are examined to illustrate the Judahite form of burial and its development. Vessels for foods and liquids were of paramount importance in the afterlife, followed by jewellery with its protective powers. The cult of the dead began to be an unacceptable feature of the Jerusalem Yahwistic cult in the late eighth to seventh century BCE. This change of attitude was precipitated by the fall of the northern kingdom of Israel and the consequent theological response.
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Chapter 1 IRON AGE BURIAL TYPES FROM THE SOUTHERN LEVANT AND THEIR DISTRIBUTION
Chapter 2 BURIAL CONTENTS
Chapter 3 BIBLICAL EVIDENCE BEARING ON THE INTERPRETATION OF THE MATERIAL REMAINS OF THE CULT OF THE DEAD
Chapter 4 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
CATALOGUE OF IRON AGE BURIALS
Illustrations and Maps
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Abu Ghosh adolescent adults Aitun Akhzib Amman amulets arcosolia Ashdod assemblage Azor Barkay bathtub cofﬁn beads bench tombs Beth Shan Beth Shemesh Biblical bones bowls burial types buried cave tombs cemetery ceramic chamber tombs cist cist graves cremation burials cult Cypriot Cypro-Phoenician dated dead Deir el-Balah Department of Antiquities Dhiban dipper juglets Dothan Egyptian eighth eighth-century BCE eleventh excavated female pillar ﬁgurine ﬁbulae ﬁg ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂoor fragments Gezer Gibeon Hebrew hewn highland identiﬁed included individuals infant inhumation inscription interred Iron Age Israel Department jar burials Jerusalem jewelry Judah Judahite jugs Khaldé Khirbet Beit Lei Lachish lamps Late Bronze Age Megiddo mortuary Mt Nebo Mycenaean ninth Philistine Phoenician pilgrim ﬂask pit graves pottery Prausnitz repository rock-cut sacriﬁce Sahab Samaria scarabs seventh century BCE Shephelah sherds Silwan simple graves skulls stone storejar Tell el-Farah Tell en-Nasbeh Tell er-Ruqeish Tell es-Saidiyeh Tell Zeror tenth century BCE Tufnell twelfth Ugarit vessels