Judaism and Modernization on the Religious Kibbutz
This work in the field of intellectual history explores religious ideas which emerged in Jewish thought under the influence of secular ideologies, and in response to the social and cultural realities created by Jewish Emancipation, Zionism and socialism. By concentrating on the major Jewish Orthodox movements of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, Professor Fishman examines the innovative mechanisms of traditional Judaism that were activated by these movements, as they strove to accommodate new realities. The study focuses specifically on the Religious Kibbutz Federation in Israel, which (in the process of building its self-contained pioneering settlements) developed a religious sub-culture that incorporated the central values of Jewish nationalism and socialism. Professor Fishman shows that - by creating the most far-reaching synthesis of modern, and traditional Jewish, culture at the community level - the settlements of the RKF may be regarded as a test case for the measure of the capacity of Judaism to adapt to modern life.
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Part One Prologue
Part Two The parent orthodox modernizing movements
Part Three The religious kibbutz movement
Appendix A The Religious Kibbutz Federation settlements
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according Alonim Amudim authority Bachad Bnei Akivah charisma component constituted created creation deﬁned Derekh Eretz divine economic Eretz Israel established ethic ethos expressed ﬁeld ﬁgure ﬁnd ﬁrst framework fulﬁll Germany goal God’s groups ha-Po'el ha-Mizrahi halakhah halakhic halakhic norms Hebrew Hirsch immigrated to Eretz individual inﬂuence innovative institutionalized institutions integrate Jewish Jewish national Jewish religious Judaism Kfar Etzion Kibbutz Rodges Kibbutz Yavne kibbutzim labor messianic mitzvot Mizrahi modern national revival Orthodox Jewry Orthodox pioneers Orthodox youth patterns perceived pioneering movement precepts problematic situations problems Rabbi reality realization religion religious consciousness religious culture Religious Kibbutz Federation religious kibbutz movement religious pioneering Religious Zionism RKF’s role S. N. Eisenstadt Sabbath Samson Raphael Hirsch scientiﬁc settlement signiﬁcance Sinai socialist solution speciﬁc sphere structure symbols Tirat Tzvi Torah va-Avodah Torah-im-Derekh Eretz traditional Jewish traditional order traditional religious transcendent center transformation uniﬁed Unna value-orientations Weber worldview Yavne youth movement