Judiciaries in Comparative Perspective
H. P. Lee
Cambridge University Press, Aug 11, 2011 - Law
An independent and impartial judiciary is fundamental to the existence and operation of a liberal democracy. Focussing on Australia, Canada, New Zealand, South Africa, the United Kingdom and the United States, this comparative 2011 study explores four major issues affecting the judicial institution. These issues relate to the appointment and discipline of judges; judges and freedom of speech; the performance of non-judicial functions by judges; and judicial bias and recusal, and each is set within the context of the importance of maintaining public confidence in the judiciary. The essays highlight important episodes or controversies affecting members of the judiciary to illustrate relevant principles.
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acting judges administration of justice allegations application apprehension of bias Attorney-General Australian bench bias test Canada Canadian Judicial Council candidates chapter Chief Justice Code of Judicial Commission of Inquiry Commissioner Committee complaints concern Constitution Act 1986 controversial Court judge Court of Appeal criminal criticism decision discipline disqualification District Court Ebner Ethics executive executive government extra-judicial free speech Gummow hearing High Court Human Rights impartiality interest issues judge’s judicial appointments Judicial Appointments Commission Judicial Conduct judicial elections judicial independence judicial office judiciary jurisdiction Law Journal lawyers legislation litigation Lord Chancellor Lord Woolf matter ment non-judicial functions NZLR Official Trustee 2000 Parliament party person persona designata political President principle procedures provides Pty Ltd public confidence public inquiries reasonable apprehension recusal Reform removal Report role Royal Commission Saxmere separation of powers Shetreet South African South Wales statutory Supreme Court trial tribunal Zealand