Julius Haast in the Southern Alps
Julius Haast (1822-87) came to New Zealand late in 1858 to examine the new colony's potential for German immigration. He met Ferdinand Hochstetter and joined him on geological and topographic surveys of Auckland and Nelson Provinces, an experience that broadened his hobby interest in geology. By 1860 he was a competent geologist, able to survey the Grey and Buller districts for the Nelson Province and to advise the Canterbury Province on the Lyttelton rail-tunnel route through the Port Hills.In Canterbury, Haast was appointed Provincial Geologist (1861-68, 1874-76), founded the Canterbury Museum and was Professor of Geology for Canterbury University College. This book, illustrated by many of Haast's drawings, focuses on his pioneer scientific work in the central Southern Alps. Particularly it covers his contributions to topographical and geological mapping, and his innovative studies of the glacial geology of the region. His German doctorate in science and Austrian and British knighthoods were awarded largely for this work. As well as following Haast's journeys and relating his story about the evidence for vast glaciation of the Westland and Canterbury regions, chapters of the book examine the glacial record in the Southern Alps back to the beginning of the Ice Age, two and a half million years ago, and up to the present day.
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Making a new life in the Canterbury colony
The mountains and glaciers 186162
The mountains and glaciers 186379
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advance Ashburton Auckland Banks Peninsula Basin beech boulders buried soil Burrows calibration Canterbury Plains catchment central South Island Chapter Christchurch clast climate correlation dated debris deposits Dobson episodes evidence forest Franz Josef geological geologist glacial glacier terminus Gorge gravel Hill Hochstetter Hokitika Hooker Ibid interglacial interstadial isotope Julius Haast Lake Coleridge Lake Heron Lake Pukaki land landforms landscape lateral moraines layers loess lowlands Mackenzie Basin Main Divide Maori Moar mountain toa toa Mt Cook neve North NZJGG occurred Otira Glaciation outwash peaks peat plant Plate Pleistocene pollen pollen diagrams Quaternary radiocarbon Rakaia Valley Range Rangitata records relatively rimu River rock sea level sediments sequence shrubs side silt slopes snow snowline South Island South Westland Southern Alps species streams Suggate surface Tasman Glacier temperature tephra terminal terraces totara trees tussock upper vegetation Waimakariri Waimaunga warm weather Westland yr BP Zealand