In Just-in-Time (JIT) manufacturing revolution has transformed the relationship between buyers and suppliers. Under JIT, purchasing is done in small batches and ideally from a single source as opposed to purchasing large batches from multiple sources. The authors cover critical JIT purchasing topics such as implementation, benefits, problems and solutions. Their work is based on their research at many firms which have successfully implemented JIT purchasing. Specific companies include General Motors, Hewlett-Packard, Honda, Nissan and Sony.
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Why Has Purchasing Become
How Is Traditional Purchasing
How Is JIT Purchasing Implemented?
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activities analysis Analysis of variance appraisal cost areas benefits of JIT Buick Division buyers causes changes Chapter components contract control charts defective design engineers developed distribution centers elimination employees external failure cost factors frequency histogram functions Hewlett-Packard high product quality identify implementation of JIT implementing JIT important improve product quality inbound freight increase industry inspec inspection inventory Japanese JIT purchasing practices JIT system Just-In-Time Purchasing kanban Kawasaki logistics LTV Steel manufacturing firms manufacturing process materials handling Materials Management ment N/U N/U N/U nonconformities operations paperwork parameter design personnel plant prevention cost problems process control product design QC programs QC techniques quality and productivity quality control quality improvement R. A. Miller reduced responsibility result sample scatter diagram schedule scrap shipment small lot sizes strategies sumer tion top management total quality cost Toyota Production System traditional purchasing transportation U.S. firms U.S. manufacturing variables vendor